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Flashcards in Chapter 33 Deck (18):
1

Equal Opportunity in Employment

The right of all employees and job applicants (1) to be treated without discrimination and (2) to be able to sue employers if they are discriminated against.

2

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

A title of federal statute enacted to eliminate job discrimination based on five protected classes: race, color, religion, sex, and national origin.

3

Disparate-Treatment Discrimination

A form of discrimination that occurs when an employer discriminated against a specific individual because of his or her race, color, national origin, sex, or religion.

4

Disparate-Impact Discrimination

A form of discrimination that occurs when an employer discriminated against an entire protected class. An example would be discrimination in which a racially neutral employment practice or rule causes an adverse impact on a protected class.

5

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

The federal administrative agency that is responsible for enforcing most federal anti discrimination laws.

6

Sex Discrimination

Discrimination against a person solely because of his or her gender.

7

Sexual Harrassment

Lewd remarks, touching, intimidation, posting of indecent materials, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that occurs on the job.

8

Religious Discrimination

Discrimination against a person solely because of his or her own religion or religious practices.

9

Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (BFOQ)

A true job qualification. Employment discrimination based on a protected class (other than race or color) is lawful if it is job related and a business necessity. This exception is narrowly interpreted by the courts.

10

Civil Rights Act of 1866

A federal statute enacted after the Civil War that says all persons "have the same right... to make and enforce contracts... as is enjoyed by white persons." It prohibits racial and national origin employment discrimination.

11

Equal Pay Act

A federal statute that protects both sexes from pay discrimination based on sex. It extends to jobs that require equal skill, equal effort, equal responsibility, and similar working conditions.

12

Age Discrimination in Emplyment Act (ADEA) of 1967

A federal statute that prohibits age discrimination practices against employees who are 40 and older.

13

Older Worker Benefit Protection Act (OWBPA)

A federal statute that prohibits age discrimination in employee benefits.

14

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

A federal statute that imposes obligations on employers and providers of public transportation, telecommunications, and public accommodations to accommodate individuals with disabilities.

15

Title I of the ADA

A title of a federal statute that prohibits employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in regard to job application procedures, hiring, compensation, training, promotion, and termination.

16

Qualified Individual with a Disability

A person who (1) has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of his or her own major life activities, (2) has a record of such impairment, or (3) is regarded as having such impairment.

17

Affirmative Action

A policy which provides that certain job preferences will be given to minority or other protected-class applicants when an employer makes an employment decision.

18

Reverse Discrimination

Discrimination against a group that is usually thought of as a majority.