Flashcards in Chapter 29 - The Great Society and the Apogee of American Liberalism, (1961-1969) Deck (50)
What did LBJ want to create in America?
A Great Society.
How ambitious was the Great Society?
The most of all major reform eras,
Who followed the Presidency of Dwight Eisenhower?
John F. Kennedy
When the issue of social welfare appeared in the Kennedy administration, what questions were asked?
Not if the government would do something, but how.
Why did Americans want bigger government in the 1960s?
People still trusted government to do what is right.
What did Kennedy call his domestic program?
The New Frontier.
How successful was JFK's New Frontier Program?
Largely unsuccessful. He was inept at working with Congress.
Who followed Kennedy after his assassination in 1963?
Lyndon B. Johnson
Compare JFK to LBJ.
1) Young, Handsome 1) Old and Homely
2) Eastern Favorite 2) Texan
3) Suave 3) Boorish
What was LBJ a master at?
Pushing Legislation through Congress.
Why was LBJ good at getting bills passed?
His Congressional Experience.
By what margin did LBJ win re-election over Barry Goldwater?
61%. The Latest percent of the popular vote won by any president in U.S. History.
What four factors led to LBJ's policy triumphs?
1) Knowledge of Congress
2) The Widespread Desire to Honor JFK by Passing These Proposals
3) Democrats held 2/3 majorities in the House and Senate
4) The Liberal/Reformist temperament of the decade.
What were the assumptions behind the Great Society movement?
1) Optimism that they could solve most social problems
2) Idealistic about the ability of Government and Humans to Make Things Better.
What are two important things to keep in mind about the timing of the Great Society?
1) Implemented During a Time of Great Prosperity so Finances Weren't a Problem
2) Implemented During the Escalation of the Vietnam War.
What may be the most important domestic achievement in the Johnson Administration?
Signing Civil Rights Movement ideals into law.
What are some examples of Civil Rights legislation enacted by LBJ?
1) The Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Forbade Job Discrimination and Segregation of Public Accommodations
2) The Voting Rights Act of 1965 - Guaranteed black suffrage.
3) The Civil Rights Act of 1968 - Banned Housing Discrimination
4) The 24th Amendment - Banned a Poll Tax
5) Executive Order 11246 - No Discrimination allowed in the fulfillment of government work which includes work done by subcontracted private businesses.
By the end of 1970, how much did the Federal Government spend on Social welfare?
40% of total expenditures.
What Great Society Programs were a part of the War on Poverty?
1) Head Start
3) the Job Corps
4) Upward bound
5) Federal Support for Job Training
6) A Significant Minimum Wage Increase
7) Work-Study Programs for College Students
8) Community Action Programs.
What Great Society Programs were a part of Social Welfare?
2) Extension of Medicaid
3) Expansion of Social Security
4) Increased Funding for all levels of education
5) Federal Higher Education Act Loans
6) Increased Federal Assistance for Farmers
7) Federal Truth in Packaging Laws
8) Native American Indian Bill of Rights
What Great Society Programs dealt with Urban Life and Housing?
1) HUD and DOT created,
2) Omnibus Housing Act
3) National Housing Act
4) Model Cities Act
5) Federal Suport for High Speed Ground Transportation Initiatives
6) Urban Mass Transit Programs
What Great Society Reforms Dealt With the Civil Rights Movement?
1) Civil Rights Act of 1964 & 1968
2) Voting Rights Act of 1965
3) 24th Amendment
4) Executive Order 11246
What Great Society Reforms Dealt With Health?
1) Federal Financial Support for Heart Disease, Cancer, Stroke and Mental health research
2) Federal Money for Narcotics Rehabilitation Efforts
3) Programs/Funding to Promote Child Nutrition
4) Establish Automobile Safety Standards
5) Safety Standards for Auto Tires
6) Cigarette Warning Labels
7) Flammable Fabrics Act
8) Toxic Pesticide Controls
9) Traffic and Highway Safety Programs
What Great Society Reforms Dealt With Law and Order?
1) Law Enforcement Assistance Act
2) National Crime Commission Created
What Great Society Reforms Dealt With the Arts?
1) The National Endowment for the Arts
2) The National Endowment for the Humanities
3) Created the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (Later Created NPR)
What Great Society Reforms Dealt With the Environment?
1) Anti-Air Pollution Laws
2) Anti-Water Pollution Laws
3) Wilderness Preservation Act
4) highway Beautification Act.
Compare the number of domestic social programs at the start and end of Kennedy/LBJ's Presidency.
10x as many at the end. (45-435)
Compare Federal Social Spending (Minus Social Security) from 1960-1968.
What kind of movement was the Great Society?
A Top-Down Movement with government identifying and solving problems.