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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (15):
1

topography-based definition

defines instances of the targeted response class by the shape of form of the behavior (what the behavior looks like)

2

reactivity

effects of an observation and measurement procedure on the behavior being measured

3

target behavior

the response class selected for intervention; can be defined either functionally or topographically. what we want to change.

4

function-based definition

designates responses as members of the targeted response class solely in terms of their common effect on the environment

5

social validity

extent to which behaviors are appropriate, intervention procedures are acceptable, and important and significant changes in target and collateral behaviors are produced

6

normalization

belief that people with disabilities should, to the maximum extent possible, be physically and socially integrated into the mainstream of society regardless of the degree or type of disability

7

anecdotal observation

direct, continuous observation. observer records a descriptive, temporally sequenced amount of all behaviors of interest and the antecedent conditions and consequences for those events

8

behavior checklist

provides descriptions of specific skills and the conditions under which each skills should be observed

9

ABC Recording

antecedent-behavior-consequence

10

Behavioral assessment

a full range of inquiry methods to identify probable antecedent and consequent controlling variables

11

Behavioral cusp

a behavior that has sudden and dramatic consequences that extend well beyond the idiosyncratic change itself because it exposes the person to new environments, reinforcers, contingencies, responses, and stimulus controls

12

Relevance of behavioral rule

only behaviors likely to produce reinforcement in the person's natural environment should be targeted for change

13

Ecological assessment

assessment that acknowledges the interrelationships between environment and behavior. obtains data across multiple settings and persons.

14

Pivotal behaviors

a behavior that, when learned, produces corresponding modifications or covariation in other untrained behaviors

15

Habilitation

adjustment that occurs when a person's repertoire has been changed such that short and long term reinforcers are maximized and short and long term punishers are minimized