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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (34):
1

response latency

fundamental measure (temporal locus-TIME)- elapsed time from the onset of a stimulus to a response

2

discrete trial

any operant whose response rate is controlled by a given opportunity to emit the response. method for teaching a new behavior.

3

trials to criterion

derivative measure of behavior- a special form of event recording. a measure of the number of responses or practice opportunities needed for a person to achieve a pre-established level of accuracy or proficiency

4

types of time sampling measures

whole interval recording, partial interval recording, momentary time sampling

5

rate/frequency

a ratio of count per observation time. calculated by dividing the number of responses recorded by the number of standard unites of time in which observations were conducted.

6

duration

total extent of time in which a behavior occurs

7

timing behavior

duration, response latency, inter-response time

8

types of event recording

timing, time sampling, measuring by permanent product

9

repeatability

countability- a response class can occur repeatedly through time (behavior can be counted)- fundamental measure of behavior

10

magnitude

force or intensity with which a response is emitted - definitional measure

11

3 measures of repeatability

count, rate/frequency, celeration

12

Planned activity check (placheck)

a variation of momentary time sampling. the observer records whether each person in a group is engaged in the behavior at specific points in time. a measure of group behavior

13

time sampling

a type of event recording- a measurement of the presence or absence of behavior within specific time intervals or specific moments in time (useful for high rate behaviors)

14

event recording

measurement procedure for obtaining a tally or count of the number of times a behavior occurs

15

temporal locus

when behavior occurs in relation to other events of interest

16

measurement by permanent product

a method of measuring behavior after it has occurred by recording the effects of the behavior produced on the environment

17

2 measures of temporal locus

latency, inter-response time

18

celeration

the change in rate of responding over time

19

free operant

emitted at any time- the number of words read during a 1 minute counting period, the number of slaps per 6 seconds, and the number of letter strokes written in 3 minutes

20

celebration time period

a unit of time (week, month) which is plotted on a standard celebration chart

21

momentary time sampling

procedure for measuring behavior; method in which the presence or absence of behaviors are recorded at precisely specified time intervals

22

count

fundamental measure of behavior (repeatability)- a simple tally of the number of occurrences of a behavior

23

percentage

a ration. examples: count (number/number); time (duration/duration; latency/latency)

24

whole interval recording

a method of time sampling- measures behavior in brief time periods- behavior must occur the entire time of the interval. underestimates behavior.

25

topography

definitional measures- the physical shape or form of behavior

26

inter-response time (IRT)

a measurement of temporal locus; elapsed time between 2 successive responses; fundamental measure (temporal locus-time)

27

rate

a ratio or count per observation time

28

partial interval recording

a method of time sampling- the observation period is divided into a series of brief time intervals (5-10 s). Overestimates behavior- scored if the behavior occurred at any time during the interval, not how many times

29

celeration trend line

measured as a factor by which rate multiplies or divides across the celebration time periods

30

2 definitional measures of behavior

topography, magnitude

31

artifact

an outcome or result that appears to exist because of the way it is measured but in fact does not correspond to what actually occurred

32

temporal extent

duration- amount of time- fundamental measure of behavior

33

2 derivative measures of behavior

percentage, trials to criterion

34

3 fundamental measures of behavior

repeatability, temporal extent (amount of time), temporal locus (when behavior occurs relative to other events)