Chapter 3: Carbohydrates Flashcards Preview

BIOL1406 > Chapter 3: Carbohydrates > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3: Carbohydrates Deck (12):
1

most complex molecules based on carbon

organic molecules

2

all other substances

inorganic molecules

3

molecules consisting of carbon linked only to hydrogen atoms

hydrocarbons

4

the two forms have the same chemical formula, but have different molecular structures

isomers

5

isomers that are mirror images of each other

enantiomers or optical isomers

6

two molecules with the same chemical formula but atoms are arranged in different ways

structural isomers

7

water components are removed

dehydration synthesis reaction or condensation reaction

8

water components are added

hydrolysis reaction

9

contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms

carbohydrates

10

contain three to seven carbon atoms

monosaccharides

11

two monosaccharides polymerize to form?

disaccharide

12

carbohydrate polymers with more than 10 linked monosacharide monomers

polysaccharides