Chapter 3: Nucleic Acids Flashcards Preview

BIOL1406 > Chapter 3: Nucleic Acids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3: Nucleic Acids Deck (8):
1

stores hereditary information responsible for inherited traits in all eukaryotes and prokaryotes and in a large group of viruses

DNA

2

hereditary molecule of another large group of viruses

RNA

3

the monomer of nucleic acids, consists of three parts linked together by covalent bonds

nucleotide

4

formed from rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms

nitrogen base

5

nitrogenous bases with one caron-nitrogen ring Uracil(U), Thymine (T), Cytosine (C)

pyrimidines

6

Nitrogenous bases with two carbon-nitrogen rings Adenine (A) and guanin (G)

purines

7

in DNA replication, one nucleotide chain is used as a _____ for the assembly of a complementary chain according to the A-T and G-C base pairing rules

template

8

exist mainly as single polynucleotide chains
can fold back on themselves to form double helical regions

RNA molecules