Chapter 3 Section 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Section 5 Deck (11):
0

British Advantages

1. Far larger population (1.5m vs. 75k)
2. Colonial militia (ready to fight quickly)
3. Self-supporting (food and supplies)
4. Stronger navy

1

French Advantages

1. Single government (quick decisions)
2. Settlements were close and well-fortified
3. Stronger alliance with the Indians

2

George Washington

Young colonel in the Virginia militia who was with General Braddock at his defeat.

3

Benjamin Franklin

Representative from Pennsylvania who proposed the Albany Plan

4

James Wolfe

British General who won the Battle of Quebec, but died in the battle.

5

Edward Braddock

British General who refused both Indian help and to change tactics. He was defeated by the French and Indians on the banks of the Monongahela river

6

William Pitt

British secretary of states who devised a plan to defeat the French in North America. This plan meant spending a lot of money.

7

Marquis de Montcalm

Brilliant French General who lead the Canadian campaign, his death at the battle of Quebec greatly weakened the French

8

Battle of Quebec

Turning point of the war, huge feat for the British, both the Generals died

9

Albany Plan

Benjamin Franklin proposed loose union of the 13 British colonies to cooperate in fighting the French.
Rejected because they didn't want to lose any power

10

Treaty of Paris

Ended the French and Indian war.
The terms of the treaty gave Canada to Britain. Britain also gained all French lands east of the Mississippi River except the city of New Orleans and two small islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.