Chapter 3 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

8th Grade Science > Chapter 3 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Vocabulary Deck (11)
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1

Innate Behavior

An inherited behavior that does not depend on the environment or experience

2

Learned Behavior

A behavior that has been learned from experience.

3

Territory

An area that is occupied by one animal or a group of animals that do not allow other members of the species to enter.

4

Migrate

To travel from one place to another.

5

Landmarks

Fixed objects that an animal uses to find its way

6

Hibernation

A period of inactivity and lowered body temperature that some animals undergo in winter as a protection against cold weather and lack of food.

7

Estivation

A period of inactivity and lowered body temperature that some animals undergo in summer as a protection against hot weather and lack of food.

8

Biological Clock

The internal control of an animal’s natural cycles.

9

Adaptation

A characteristic that improves an individual’s ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment.

10

Natural Selection

The process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than less well adapted individuals do.

11

Genetic Bottleneck

The reduced number of characteristics within a population to adapt to an environment better.