Chapter 3.2 (The Impact of Sport on Society and of Society on Sport) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3.2 (The Impact of Sport on Society and of Society on Sport) Deck (33):
1

Define Society

An organised group of people associated for some specific purpose or with a shared common interest

2

Define Socialisation

A lifelong process where members of a society learn its norms, values, ideas, practices, and roles in order to take their place in that society

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Define Internalisation

The learning of values or attitudes that are incorporated with yourself

4

Define Gender Socialisation

The act of learning to conform to culturally defined gender roles through socialisation

5

Define Social Control

A concept that refers to the way in which people's thoughts, feelings, appearance and behaviour are regulated in social systems

6

Define Institution

An established organisation founded for a religious, educational, professional or social purpose

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Define Social Change

An alteration in the social order of a society

8

Define Social Issues

Problems that affect many people within a society

9

Define Inequality

The unfair situation where resources or opportunities are distributed unevenly within a society

10

Define Social Stratification

A type of social inequality where society is divided into different levels on the basis of a social characteristic, such as wealth or status

11

Define Social Class

A term used to define social inequalities, i.e. certain groups have more access to wealth, income or power than others. Factors include a person's job, family background, education and income

12

Define Social Action Theory

A way of viewing socialisation, emphasising social action

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Define Progression

The process of gradually developing towards a more advanced state

14

Define Interactionist Approach

The study of how individuals behave within a society

15

Define equal opportunities

The right to access the same opportunities, regardless of factors such as race, age, sex, mental or physical capabilities

16

Define Prejudice

To form an unfavourable opinion of an individual, often based on inadequate facts (e.g. lack of tolerance, dislike of people from a specific race, religion or culture which can negatively affect of a coach's treatment of a performer from an ethnic minority background

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Define Discrimination

The unfair treatment of a person or, minority group, to make a distinction and act on a prejudice

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Define Stereotyping

A standardised image; making simple generalisations about all members of a group which allows others to categorise and treat them accordingly

19

What are the main barriers to participation in sport? (TIME)

Time
Income
Motivation
Education

20

What are Infographics?

A graphic visual representation of information, data or knowledge intended to present information quickly and clearly

21

Define Disability

A term used when impairment adversely affects performance

22

Define Integration

Able-bodied and disabled people taking part in the same activity at the same time (e.g. London Marathon)

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Define Segregation

People with disabilities participating separately among themselves (e.g. the Paralympics)

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Define Race

The physical characteristics of an individual

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Define Racism

A set of beliefs or ideas based on the assumption that races have distinct hereditary characteristics that give some races an intrinsic superiority over others; it may lead to physical or verbal abuse

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Define Ethnic Groups

People who have racial, religious or linguistic traits in common

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Define Stacking

The disproportionate concentration of ethnic minorities in certain positions in a sports team, which tends to be based on the stereotypes that they are more valuable for their physicality than their decision making and communication qualities

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Define Channeling

Ethnic minorities may be pushed into certain sports and even certain positions within a team, based on assumptions about them

29

What is the Rooney Rule?

Requires National Football teams in the USA to interview minority candidates for head coaching and senior football operation jobs

30

Define Gender

A biological aspect of person, either a male or female

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Define Sexism

The belief that one sex is inferior to the other, usually women

32

What are County Sport Partnerships (CSPs)?

National networks of local agencies working together to increase numbers in sport and physical activity

33

Define Whole Sport Plans

A business plan/document submitted to Sport England outlining each national governing body's strategies to grow participation and enhance talent over the four-year period the Whole Sports Plan is in operation