Chapter 2.1 (Skill Characteristics) Flashcards Preview

Yr1 Physical Education > Chapter 2.1 (Skill Characteristics) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2.1 (Skill Characteristics) Deck (27):
1

Define Skill

The learned ability to bring about predetermined results with the minimum outlay of time, energy or both

2

Define Open Skill

A skill is performed in an unpredictable environment

3

Name the characteristics of skill (ACE FACE)

Aesthetically pleasing
Consistent
Efficient
Fluent
Accurate
Controlled
Economical

4

Define Closed Skill

A skill performs in a predictable environment

5

Define Gross Skill

A skill that uses large muscle groups

6

Define Fine Skill

A skill that uses smaller muscle groups

7

Define Self-paced Skill

When the performer controls the start and speed of the skill

8

Define Externally Paced Skill

When the performer has no control over the start and speed of the skill

9

Define Discrete Skill

A skill that has no clear beginning and end

10

Define Serial Skill

A skill that contains several discrete skills in order to make a more integrated movement

11

Define Low Organised Skill

A skill that is easily broken into parts

12

Define High Organised Skill

A skill that is not easily broken into parts

13

Define Simple Skill

A skill that requires few decisions when being performed

14

Define Complex Skill

A skill that requires decision making using lots of information when performed

15

Define Transfer

The effect of learning and performance of one skill on the learning and performance of another

16

Define Positive Transfer

When the learning of one skill helps the learning of another

17

Define Negative Transfer

When the learning of one skill hinders the learning of another

18

Define Zero Transfer

When the learning of one skill has no impact on the learning of another

19

Define Bilateral Transfer

When the learning of one skill is passed across the body from limb to limb

20

Define Whole Practice

Practising the skill in its entirety

21

Define Whole-Part-Whole Practice

Assessing the skill, identifying a weakness to practise, then putting the skill back together

22

Define Progressive Part Practice

Practising the first part of the skill, then adding parts gradually. Sometimes called chaining

23

Define Chaining

Linking the sub-routines,orparts of a task, together in order when practising. The first two parts are learned, the the third part is added; that part is learned and added to the first two, and so on

24

Define Massed Practice

No rest intervals

25

Define Distributed Practice

Rest intervals

26

Define Mental Practice

Going over the skill in the mind without movement

27

Define Varied Practice

Changing the practice type and the practice drills