Chapter 38: Transport Operations Flashcards Preview

Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured, 12th Edition > Chapter 38: Transport Operations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 38: Transport Operations Deck (19)
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1
Q

List the nine phases of an ambulance call;
include examples of key tasks EMTs perform
during each phase. (pp 1426–1443)

A
  1. Preparation - Store equipment and supplies in the ambulance according to how urgently and how often they are used.
  2. Dispatch -
  3. En route
  4. Arrival at scene
  5. Transfer of patient to ambulance - Package the patient for transport, securing him or her to a wheeled ambulance stretcher.
  6. En route to receiving facility (transport)
  7. At receiving facility (delivery)
  8. En route to station
  9. Postrun
2
Q

Name the medical equipment carried on an
ambulance; include examples of supplies that
are included in each main category of the
ambulance equipment checklist. (p 1428)

A
3
Q

Name the safety and operations equipment
carried on an ambulance; include examples of
how each item might be used by EMTs in an
emergency. (pp 1433–1434)

A
4
Q

Discuss the importance of performing regular
vehicle inspections; include the specific parts
of an ambulance that should be inspected daily.
(p 1435)

A
5
Q

List the minimum dispatch information
required by EMS to respond to an emergency
call. (p 1436)

A
  • The nature of the call
    -The name, present location, and call-back telephone number of the caller
  • The location of the patient(s)
  • The number of patients and some idea of the severity of their conditions
  • Any other special problems or pertinent information about hazards or weather conditions
6
Q

Describe some high-risk situations and hazards
during both pre-transport and transport that
may affect the safety of the ambulance and its
passengers. (pp 1436–1441, 1443–1453)

A
7
Q

Discuss the specific considerations required
to ensure scene safety; include personal
safety, patient safety, and traffic control.
(pp 1437–1440)

A
8
Q

Describe the key elements that must be
included in the written patient care report upon
patient delivery to the hospital. (p 1441)

A
9
Q

Summarize the tasks EMTs must complete in
the postrun phase. (pp 1442–1443)

A
10
Q

Define the terms cleaning, disinfection, high-
level disinfection, and sterilization. (p 1442)

A
11
Q

Discuss the guidelines for safely and defensively
driving an ambulance. (pp 1443–1445)

A
12
Q

Identify key steps EMTs should take to improve
safety while en route to the scene, the hospital,
and the station. (pp 1443–1453)

A
13
Q

List the three factors that dictate the use of
lights and siren to the scene and to the hospital;
include the risk-versus-benefit factors regarding
their use. (pp 1450–1451)

A
14
Q

Describe the specific, limited privileges that are
provided to emergency vehicle operators by
most state laws and regulations. (p 1450)

A
15
Q

Explain the additional risks and special
considerations posed by the use of police escorts, and the hazards and special considerations posed by crossing intersections.
(pp 1451–1452)

A
16
Q

Describe the capabilities, protocols, and methods
for accessing air ambulances. (pp 1453–1457)

A
17
Q

Describe key scene safety considerations when
preparing for helicopter emergency medical
services, such as a helicopter medevac,
including establishing a landing zone, securing
loose objects, reducing onsite hazards, and
approaching the aircraft. (pp 1455–1458)

A
18
Q

What is the difference between cleaning, disinfection, high-level disinfection and sterilization?

A

Cleaning is the process of removing dirt, dust, blood, or other visible contaminants from a surface or equipment.

Disinfection is the killing of pathogenic agents by directly applying a chemical made for that purpose to a surface or equipment.

High-level disinfection is the killing of pathogenic agents by the use of potent means of disinfection.

Sterilization is a process, such as the use of heat, that removes all microbial contamination.

19
Q
A