Common Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured, 12th Edition > Common Abbreviations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Abbreviations Deck (260)
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1
Q

A&P
(abbreviation)

A

anatomy and physiology

2
Q

ā
(abbreviation)

A

before

3
Q

AAA
(abbreviation)

A

abdominal aortic aneurysm

4
Q

abd
(abbreviation)

A

abdomen

5
Q

ABC, ABC’s
(abbreviation)

A

airway, breathing, circulation

6
Q

ac
(abbreviation)

A

before meals

7
Q

ACLS
(abbreviation)

A

advanced cardiac life support

8
Q

ADL, ADLs
(abbreviation)

A

activity/activities of daily living

9
Q

ad lib
(abbreviation)

A

as desired

10
Q

AED
(abbreviation)

A

automated external defibrillator

11
Q

AF, A-fib
(abbreviation)

A

atrial fibrillation

12
Q

AICD
(abbreviation)

A

automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator

13
Q

AIDS
(abbreviation)

A

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

14
Q

AK
(abbreviation)

A

above the knee

15
Q

AKA
(abbreviation)

A

above-the-knee amputation

16
Q

ALTE
(abbreviation)

A

apparent life-threatening event

17
Q

AMA
(abbreviation)

A

against medical advice

18
Q

amb
(abbreviation)

A

ambulatory

19
Q

AMI
(abbreviation)

A

acute myocardial infarction

20
Q

ant
(abbreviation)

A

anterior

21
Q

AO x 4
A/O x 4
(abbreviation)

A

alert and orient to person, place, time and self

22
Q

AP
(abbreviation)

A

anteropasterior, front-to-back, action potential, angina pectoris, anterior pituitary, arterial pressure

23
Q

ARDS
(abbreviation)

A

adult respiratory distress syndrome

24
Q

ASA
(abbreviation)

A

aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)

25
Q

ASHD
(abbreviation)

A

arteriosclerotic or atherosclerotic heart disease

26
Q

BGL
(abbreviation)

A

blood glucose level

27
Q

bid / b.i.d. / BID
(abbreviation)

A

twice daily

28
Q

BKA
(abbreviation)

A

below-the-knee amputation

29
Q

BLS
(abbreviation)

A

basic life support

30
Q

BM
(abbreviation)

A

bowel movement

31
Q

BP, B/P
(abbreviation)

A

blood pressure

32
Q

BPM
(abbreviation)

A

beats per minute

33
Q

BRUE
(abbreviation)

A

brief resolved unexplained event

34
Q

BS
(abbreviation)

A

blood sugar, breath sounds, bowel sounds, bachelor of science (degree)

35
Q

BSA
(abbreviation)

A

body surface area

36
Q

BVM
(abbreviation)

A

bag-valve mask

37
Q

bx
(abbreviation)

A

biopsy

38
Q

c-
(abbreviation)

A

with

39
Q

°C
(abbreviation)

A

degrees Celcius (centigrade)

40
Q

CA
(abbreviation)

A

cancer, cardiac arrest, chronological age, coronary artery, cold agglutinin

41
Q

CABG
(abbreviation)

A

coronary artery bypass graft

42
Q

CAD
(abbreviation)

A

coronary artery disease

43
Q

CBC
(abbreviation)

A

complete blood cell count

44
Q

CC or C/C
(abbreviation)

A

chief complaint

45
Q

CCU
(abbreviation)

A

coronary care unit

46
Q

C diff
(abbreviation)

A

Clostridium difficile

47
Q

CHF
(abbreviation)

A

congestive heart failure

48
Q

cm
(abbreviation)

A

centimeter

49
Q

CN
(abbreviation)

A

cyanide

50
Q

CNS
(abbreviation)

A

central nervous system

51
Q

c/o
(abbreviation)

A

complaining of

52
Q

CO
(abbreviation)

A

cardiac output, carbon monoxide

53
Q

CO2
(abbreviation)

A

carbon dioxide

54
Q

COLD
(abbreviation)

A

chronic obstructive lung disease

55
Q

COPD
(abbreviation)

A

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

56
Q

CP
(abbreviation)

A

chest pain, chemically pure, cerebral palsy

57
Q

CPAP
(abbreviation)

A

continuous positive airway pressure

58
Q

CPR
(abbreviation)

A

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

59
Q

CRNA
(abbreviation)

A

certified registered nurse anesthetist

60
Q

CRT
(abbreviation)

A

capillary refill time, cathode ray tube

61
Q

CSF
(abbreviation)

A

cerebrospinal fluid

62
Q

CT
(abbreviation)

A

computed tomography

63
Q

CVA
(abbreviation)

A

cerebrovascular accident

64
Q

DM
(abbreviation)

A

diabetes mellitus

65
Q

DNR
(abbreviation)

A

do not resusitate

66
Q

DOA
(abbreviation)

A

dead on arrival

67
Q

DOE
(abbreviation)

A

dyspnea on exertion

68
Q

DON
(abbreviation)

A

director of nursing

69
Q

DPT
(abbreviation)

A

diptheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine, doctor of physical therapy

70
Q

DSD
(abbreviation)

A

dry sterile dressing

71
Q

DtaP
(abbreviation)

A

diphtheria and tetanus toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine

72
Q

DTP
(abbreviation)

A

diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine

73
Q

DTs
(abbreviation)

A

delirium tremens

74
Q

DVT
(abbreviation)

A

deep vein thrombosis

75
Q

Dx
(abbreviation)

A

diagnosis

76
Q

ECG
(abbreviation)

A

electrocardiogram

77
Q

ED
(abbreviation)

A

emergency department, erectile dysfunction

78
Q

EDC
(abbreviation)

A

estimated date of confinement

79
Q

EEG
(abbreviation)

A

electroencephalogram

80
Q

EKG
(abbreviation)

A

electrocardiogram

81
Q

ENT
(abbreviation)

A

ears, nose, and throat

82
Q

EOC
(abbreviation)

A

Emergency Operations Center

83
Q

ER
(abbreviation)

A

emergency room

84
Q

ET, ETT
(abbreviation)

A

endotracheal, endotracheal tube

85
Q

ETA
(abbreviation)

A

estimated time of arrival

86
Q

ETCO2
(abbreviation)

A

end-tidal carbon dioxide

87
Q

ETOH
(abbreviation)

A

ethyl alcohol

88
Q

°F
(abbreviation)

A

degrees Fahrenheit

89
Q

FIO2
(abbreviation)

A

fraction of inspired oxygen

90
Q

FBS
(abbreviation)

A

fasting blood sugar

91
Q

Fe
(abbreviation)

A

iron

92
Q

FHR
(abbreviation)

A

fetal heart rate

93
Q

FHx
(abbreviation)

A

family history

94
Q

fl. fld
(abbreviation)

A

fluid

95
Q

fx
(abbreviation)

A

fracture

96
Q

GB
(abbreviation)

A

gallbladder

97
Q

GCS
(abbreviation)

A

Glasgow Coma scale

98
Q

GERD
(abbreviation)

A

gastroesophageal reflux disease

99
Q

GI
(abbreviation)

A

gastrointestinal

100
Q

GSW
(abbreviation)

A

gunshot wound

101
Q

gtt
(abbreviation)

A

drop(s)

102
Q

GTT
(abbreviation)

A

glucose tolerance test

103
Q

GU
(abbreviation)

A

genitourinary

104
Q

gyn
(abbreviation)

A

gynecology

105
Q

h
(abbreviation)

A

hour

106
Q

H&P
(abbreviation)

A

history and physical

107
Q

HA, H/A
(abbreviation)

A

headache

108
Q

Hb, Hgb
(abbreviation)

A

hemoglobin

109
Q

HBV
(abbreviation)

A

hepatits C virus

110
Q

Hct
(abbreviation)

A

hematocrit

111
Q

HCV
(abbreviation)

A

hepatitis C virus

112
Q

HH
(abbreviation)

A

hiatal hernia

113
Q

HIV
(abbreviation)

A

human immunodeficiency virus

114
Q

H20
(abbreviation)

A

water

115
Q

HPI
(abbreviation)

A

history of present illness

116
Q

HR
(abbreviation)

A

heart rate

117
Q

hr
(abbreviation)

A

hour

118
Q

HTN
(abbreviation)

A

hypertension

119
Q

Hx
(abbreviation)

A

history

120
Q

I&O
(abbreviation)

A

intake and output

121
Q

ICP
(abbreviation)

A

inter-cranial pressure

122
Q

ICS
(abbreviation)

A

incident command system, intercostal space

123
Q

ICU
(abbreviation)

A

intensive care unit

124
Q

IDDM
(abbreviation)

A

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

125
Q

IM
(abbreviation)

A

intramuscular

126
Q

IMS
(abbreviation)

A

incident management system

127
Q

IN
(abbreviation)

A

intranasal

128
Q

IO
(abbreviation)

A

intraosseous

129
Q

IUD
(abbreviation)

A

intrauterine device (contraceptive)

130
Q

IV
(abbreviation)

A

intravenous

131
Q

JVD
(abbreviation)

A

jugular venus distenstion

132
Q

kg
(abbreviation)

A

kilogram

133
Q

LE
(abbreviation)

A

lower extremity, left eye, lupus erythematosus

134
Q

LLL
(abbreviation)

A

left lower lobe of the lung

135
Q

LLQ
(abbreviation)

A

left lower quadrant of the abdomen

136
Q

L/m, LPM
(abbreviation)

A

liters per minute

137
Q

LMP
(abbreviation)

A

last menstrual period

138
Q

LOC
(abbreviation)

A

level of consciousness, loss of consciousness

139
Q

LUL
(abbreviation)

A

left upper lobe of the lung

140
Q

LUQ
(abbreviation)

A

left upper quadrant of the abdomen

141
Q

LVAD
(abbreviation)

A

left ventricular assist device

142
Q

MAE
(abbreviation)

A

moves all extremities

143
Q

MAEW
(abbreviation)

A

moves all extremities well

144
Q

mg
(abbreviation)

A

milligram

145
Q

MI
(abbreviation)

A

myocardial infarction

146
Q

MICU
(abbreviation)

A

mobile intensive care unit, medical intensive care unit

147
Q

min
(abbreviation)

A

minute

148
Q

mL
(abbreviation)

A

milliliter

149
Q

mm
(abbreviation)

A

millimeter

150
Q

mm Hg
(abbreviation)

A

millimeters of mercury

151
Q

MOI
(abbreviation)

A

mechanism of injury

152
Q

MRI
(abbreviation)

A

magnetic resonance imaging

153
Q

MRSA
(abbreviation)

A

methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

154
Q

MVA
(abbreviation)

A

motor vehicle accident

155
Q

MVC
(abbreviation)

A

motor vehicle crash

156
Q

MVP
(abbreviation)

A

mitral valve prolapse

157
Q

NA, N/A
(abbreviation)

A

not applicable

158
Q

NG
(abbreviation)

A

nasogastric

159
Q

NICU
(abbreviation)

A

neonatal intensive care unit

160
Q

NIDDM
(abbreviation)

A

non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

161
Q

NKA
(abbreviation)

A

no known allergies

162
Q

NKDA
(abbreviation)

A

no known drug allergies

163
Q

NP
(abbreviation)

A

nurse practitioner

164
Q

NPA
(abbreviation)

A

nasopharyngeal airway

165
Q

NPO
(abbreviation)

A

nil pers os (nothing by mouth)

166
Q

NRB, NRBM
(abbreviation)

A

nonrebreathing mask

167
Q

NS
(abbreviation)

A

noraml saline

168
Q

NSR
(abbreviation)

A

normal sinus rhythm

169
Q

NTG
(abbreviation)

A

nitroglycerin

170
Q

N/V
(abbreviation)

A

nasusea and vomiting

171
Q

N/V/D
(abbreviation)

A

nasuea, vomiting, and diarrhea

172
Q

O2
(abbreviation)

A

oxygen

173
Q

OB
(abbreviation)

A

obstetrics

174
Q

OBS
(abbreviation)

A

organic brain syndrome

175
Q

OD
(abbreviation)

A

overdose, right eye, optical density, outside diameter, doctor of optometry

176
Q

OP
(abbreviation)

A

outpatient

177
Q

OPA
(abbreviation)

A

oropharyngeal airway

178
Q

OR
(abbreviation)

A

operating room

179
Q

OS
(abbreviation)

A

left eye

180
Q

OU
(abbreviation)

A

both eyes

181
Q

oz
(abbreviation)

A

ounce

182
Q


(abbreviation)

A

after

183
Q

PA
(abbreviation)

A

physician assistant

184
Q

pc
(abbreviation)

A

after meals

185
Q

PCO2
(abbreviation)

A

partial pressure of carbon dioxide

186
Q

PE
(abbreviation)

A

pulmonary embolism, physical examination

187
Q

PEARL or PERL
(abbreviation)

A

pupils equal and reactive to light

188
Q

PEARLA
(abbreviation)

A

pupils equal and reactive to light and accommodation

189
Q

PEARRL
(abbreviation)

A

pupils equal and round, regular in size, react to light

190
Q

ped or peds
(abbreviation)

A

pediatric

191
Q

PEEP
(abbreviation)

A

positive end-expiratory pressure

192
Q

PERRL
(abbreviation)

A

pupils equal, round and reactive to light

193
Q

PID
(abbreviation)

A

pelvic inflammatory disease

194
Q

PMH
(abbreviation)

A

past medical history

195
Q

PND
(abbreviation)

A

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

196
Q

po
(abbreviation)

A

per so (by mouth)

197
Q

PO
(abbreviation)

A

postoperative, post-op

198
Q

PRN
(abbreviation)

A

pro re nata (as needed)

199
Q

psi
(abbreviation)

A

pounds per square inch

200
Q

PSVT
(abbreviation)

A

paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia

201
Q

pt
(abbreviation)

A

patient

202
Q

PT
(abbreviation)

A

physical therapy, prothrombin time

203
Q

PTA
(abbreviation)

A

prior to admission, plasma thromboplastin antecedent

204
Q

PTT
(abbreviation)

A

partial thromboplastin time

205
Q

PVC
(abbreviation)

A

premature ventricular contraction, polyvinyl chloride

206
Q

PVD
(abbreviation)

A

peripheral vascular disease

207
Q

q
(abbreviation)

A

every

208
Q

RA
(abbreviation)

A

rheumatoid arthritis, right atrium

209
Q

RAD
(abbreviation)

A

reactive airway disease, right axis deviation

210
Q

RBC
(abbreviation)

A

red blood cell

211
Q

Rh
(abbreviation)

A

Rhesus blood factor, rhodium

212
Q

RLL
(abbreviation)

A

right lower lobe of the lung

213
Q

RLQ
(abbreviation)

A

right lower quadrant of the abdomen

214
Q

RN
(abbreviation)

A

Registered nurse

215
Q

R/O
(abbreviation)

A

Rule out

216
Q

ROM
(abbreviation)

A

range of motion, rupture of membranes

217
Q

RUL
(abbreviation)

A

right upper lobe of the lung

218
Q

RUQ
(abbreviation)

A

right upper qudrant of the abdomen

219
Q

Rx
(abbreviation)

A

prescription

220
Q


(abbreviation)

A

without

221
Q

SAO2
(abbreviation)

A

oxygen saturation

222
Q

SC
(abbreviation)

A

subcutaneous

223
Q

SG
(abbreviation)

A

supraglottic

224
Q

SICU
(abbreviation)

A

surgical intensive care unti

225
Q

SIDS
(abbreviation)

A

sudden infant death syndrome

226
Q

SL
(abbreviation)

A

sublinguql

227
Q

SOB
(abbreviation)

A

shortness of breath

228
Q

SPO2
(abbreviation)

A

saturation of peripheral oxygen

229
Q

S/S, S&S
(abbreviation)

A

signs and symptoms

230
Q

stat
(abbreviation)

A

immediately

231
Q

STEMI
(abbreviation)

A

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

232
Q

STI
(abbreviation)

A

sexually transmitted infection

233
Q

subcut
(abbreviation)

A

subcutaneous

234
Q

SVT
(abbreviation)

A

supraventricular tachycardia

235
Q

sym or Sx
(abbreviation)

A

symptoms

236
Q

T
(abbreviation)

A

temperature

237
Q

tab
(abbreviation)

A

tablet

238
Q

TB
(abbreviation)

A

tuberculosis

239
Q

TBA
(abbreviation)

A

to be admitted, to be announced

240
Q

tech
(abbreviation)

A

technition or technologist

241
Q

TIA
(abbreviation)

A

transient ischemic attack

242
Q

tid / t.i.d. / TID
(abbreviation)

A

three times a day

243
Q

Tx
(abbreviation)

A

treatment

244
Q

UA
(abbreviation)

A

urinalysis

245
Q

UE
(abbreviation)

A

upper extremity

246
Q

URI
(abbreviation)

A

upper respiratory infection

247
Q

UTI
(abbreviation)

A

urinary tract infections

248
Q

VD
(abbreviation)

A

venereal disease

249
Q

VF / V-fib
(abbreviation)

A

ventricular fibrillation

250
Q

VRE
(abbreviation)

A

vancomycin-resistant enterococcus

251
Q

VS
(abbreviation)

A

vital signs

252
Q

VT/V Tach
(abbreviation)

A

ventricular tachycardia

253
Q

W/
(abbreviation)

A

with

254
Q

WBC
(abbreviation)

A

white blood cell

255
Q

WMD
(abbreviation)

A

weapon of mass destruction

256
Q

WNL
(abbreviation)

A

within normal limits

257
Q

W/O
(abbreviation)

A

without

258
Q

wt
(abbreviation)

A

weight

259
Q

x
(abbreviation)

A

except

260
Q

yo; y/o
(abbreviation)

A

years old