Chapter 39 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 39 Vocab Deck (12)
1

Abdominal evisceration

condition where abdominal organs protrude through opening in the abdominal wall

2

Cullen's sign

ecchymosis around the umbilicus, indicative of retroperitoneal hemorrage

3

Diaphragmatic rupture

injury from a hole or tear in the diaphragm results in opening between thoracic and abdominal cavities, where abdominal contents can enter thoracic cavity

4

Grey Turner's sign

ecchymosis of the flanks, indicating retroperitoneal hemorrhaging

5

Involuntary guarding

uncontrollable spasm of the abdominal muscle as a result of peritonitis

6

Kehr's sign

referred pain to the shoulder caused by blood irritating the diaphragm; indicative of spleen injury

7

Parietal peritoneum

outermost lining of the abdominal structures that adheres to the inner walls of the abdominal cavity

8

Peritoneal cavity

the space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum

9

Peritoneum

double layered membrane the lines the abdominal cavity

10

Retroperitoneal space

posterior division of the abdominal cavity which is separated from the rest of the abd organs by the parietal peritoneum

11

Visceral peritoneum

the inner layer of the peritoneal lining, that adheres to the abd organs

12

Voluntary guarding

the tensing of the abdominal muscles by the patient in anticipation of palpitation