Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (157):
1

Carp/o

Wrist bones

2

Cib/o

Meals

3

Cis/o

To cut

4

Cost/o

Rib

5

Cutane/o

Skin

6

Dactyl/o

Fingers, toes

7

Duct/o

To lead, carry

8

Flex/o

To bend

9

Furc/o

Branching, forking

10

Gloss/o (spell the meaning)

Tongue

11

Glyc/o

Sugar

12

Immun/o

Protection

13

Morph/o

Shape, form

14

Mort/o

Death

15

Nat/i

Birth

16

Nect/o

To bind, connect

17

Norm/o

Rule, order

18

Ox/o

Oxygen

19

Pub/o

Pubic bone

20

Seps/o

Infection

21

Somn/o

Infection

22

Son/o

Sound

23

The/o

To put, place

24

Thel/o, Theli/o

Nipple

25

Thyr/o

Thyroid gland

26

Top/o

Place, position, location

27

Tox/o

Poison

28

Trache/o

Trachea, windpipe

29

Urethr/o

Urethra

30

-blast

Embryonic, immature

31

-crine

To secrete

32

-drome

To run

33

-fusion

Coming together

34

-gen

Substance that produces

35

-lapse

To slide, fall, sag

36

-lysis

Breakdown, seperation

37

-meter

To measure

38

-mission

To send

39

-or

One who

40

-oxia

Oxygen

41

-pArtum

Birth

42

-phoria

Mental state, to bear, feeling

43

-physis

To grow

44

-plasia

Development, formation, growth

45

-plasm

Structure of formation

46

-pnea

Breathing

47

-ptOsis

Falling, drooping, prolapse

48

-rrhEa

Flow, discharge

49

-stasis

Controlling, stopping

50

-trophy

Development, nourishment

51

Apnea

No breathing

52

Apoxia

No oxygen

53

Abnormal

Away from normal

54

Abductor

To carry a limb away from the body

55

Adductor

To carry a limb toward the body

56

Adrenal gland

Above the kidney

57

Anabolism

Ana - up
bol - to cast
ism - process
The process of casting a build up of proteins

58

Analysis

To separate and examine

59

Ante cibum

Before meals

60

Anteflexion

Pertaining to before beding

61

Antepartum

Before Birth

62

Antibiotic

Against bacteria

63

Antibody

Against protein

64

Antigen

Causes an antibody to be produced

65

Antisepsis

Against infection

66

Antitoxin

Against poison

67

Autoimmune disease

Immune system attacks its own body

68

Bifurcation

Branching into two different things

69

Bilateral

Happens to both sides

70

Bradychardia

Slow heart rate

71

Catabolism

Cata - down
bol - cast
ism - pertaining to

72

Congenital Anomaly

Hereditary genital anomaly

73

Connective

Tissue that brings two body tissues together

74

Contraindication

Against what was originally indicated

75

Contralateral

Only happens to one side, not both

76

Dehydration

Lack of water

77

Diameter

Complete measurement

78

Diarrhea

Complete discharge, flow

79

Dialysis

Complete separation (waste removed from kidney)

80

Dyspnea

Painful breathing

81

Ectopic pregnancy

Fetus is implanted outside of the uterus

82

Endocardium

Pertaining to inside the heart

83

Endoscope

An instrument for visual inspetion

84

Epithelium

Skin cells that cover both the outside and the inside of the body

85

Euphoria

Good feeling

86

Euthyroid

Normal thyroid gland

87

Exophthalmos

Protrusion of the eye as a result of thyroid activity

88

Hemiglossectomy

Half the tongue is removed

89

Hyperglycemia

High blood sugar levels

90

Hyperplasia

Above normal increase of cell numbers

91

Hypertrophy

Above normal increase in cell size

92

Ec-

Outside

93

Ecto-

Outside

94

Ex-

Away from

95

Dys-

Bad, painful, difficut

96

Eu-

Good, normal

97

Mal-

Bad

98

Syn-

With, together

99

Sym-

With, together

100

Con-

With, together

101

Pro

Before, forward

102

Prodrome

To run before

103

Prophylactic

Before, Preventative measure

104

Prolapse

To fall forward

105

Para-

Abnormal, beside, near

106

Parphilia

Abnormal love

107

Parachromatism

Abnormal colour

108

Parathyroid

Beside the thyroid

109

Paraproctitis

Inflammation of the area near the rectum/anus

110

Tachy-

Fast

111

Brady-

Slow

112

-cyesis

Pregnancy

113

PseudocyEsis

False pregnancy

114

Ante-

Before

115

Anti-

Against

116

Per-

Through

117

Peri-

Surrounding

118

-um

Structure

119

Infra-

Below, beneath

120

Intra-

Within, into (think intramurals in school)

121

Inter-

Between (international)

122

-pnea

Breathing

123

-pneia

Deficiency

124

Tumour of a gland

Adenoma

125

Breakdown of red blood cells

Hemolysis

126

Inflammation of many nerves

Plyneruitis

127

Glands that secrete within

Endocrine

128

Pertaining to before birth

Prenatal

129

Opposite of posterior

Anterior

130

Opposite of distal

Proximal

131

Pertaining to below the skin

Hypodermic

132

Prediction of the outcome of the disease

Prognosis

133

Removal of kidney

Nephrectomy

134

To hold back blood

Ischemia

135

Cells decrease in size

Atrophy

136

The process of building up proteins

Anabolism

137

Condition of muscle pain

Myalgia

138

A doctors best estimate of a patience condition

Diagnosis

139

Enlargement of an extremity

Actromegaly

140

Disease, condition of the liver

Hepatopathy

141

Tumour of a gland

Adenoma

142

Breakdown of red blood cells

Hemolysis

143

Inflammation of many nerves

Plyneruitis

144

Glands that secrete within

Endocrine

145

Pertaining to before birth

Prenatal

146

Opposite of posterior

Anterior

147

Opposite of distal

Proximal

148

Pertaining to below the skin

Hypodermic

149

Prediction of the outcome of the disease

Prognosis

150

Removal of kidney

Nephrectomy

151

To hold back blood

Ischemia

152

Cells decrease in size

Atrophy

153

The process of building up proteins

Anabolism

154

Condition of muscle pain

Myalgia

155

A doctors best estimate of a patience condition

Diagnosis

156

Enlargement of an extremity

Actromegaly

157

Disease, condition of the liver

Hepatopathy