Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

CLASSICS 1111 > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (102):
1

An/o

Anus

2

Perianal

Surrounding/anus/pertaining to

3

Append/o

Appendix

4

Appendic/o

Appendix

5

Appendicitis

Inflammation of the appendix

6

Bucc/o

Cheek

7

Buccal mucosa

Mucous membrane of the cheek

8

Cec/o

Cecum

9

Cecal

Pertaining to the Cecum

10

Cecum

Pouch or large tubelike structure in the lower abdominal cavity that receives undigested food material from the small intestine and is considered the first region of the large intestine.

11

Celi/o

Belly, abdomen

12

Cheli/o

Lip

13

Cheliosis

Abnormal lip condition

14

Cholecyst/o

Gallbladder

15

Cholecystecomy

Removal of the gallbladder

16

Choledoch/o

Common bile duct

17

Choledochotomy

Cutting into the bile duct

18

Col/o

Colon

19

Colostomy

Cutting into the colon

20

Colon/o

Colon

21

Dent/i

Tooth

22

Dentibuccal

Tooth/cheek/pertaining to

23

Duoden/o

Duodenum

24

Duodenum

The first part of the small intestine, which receives partially digested food from the stomach and begins the absorption of nutrients.

25

Enter/o

Small intestines

26

Enterocolitis

Small intestine/colon/inflammation

27

Enteroenteroostomy

Small intestine being connected to another section of small intestine

28

Mesentery

Middle of small intestines

29

Paraenteral

Apart from the small intestines

30

Esophag/o

Esophagus

31

Faci/o

Face

32

Gastr/o

Stomach

33

Gingiv/o

Gums

34

Gloss/o

Tongue

35

Hepat/o

Liver

36

Ile/o

Ileum

37

Jejun/o

Jejunum

38

Jejunum

A section of the small intestine

39

Labi/o

Lip

40

Laparo/o

Abdomin

41

Lingu/o

Tongue

42

Mandibul/o

Lower jaw

43

Odont/o

Tooth

44

Or/o

Mouth

45

Palat/o

Palate (Cleft palate)

46

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

47

Peritone/o

Peritoneum

48

Pharyng/o

Throat

49

Proct/o

Anus and rectum

50

Phylor/o

Phyloric sphincter

51

Rect/o

Rectum

52

Sialaden/o

Salivary gland

53

Sigmoid/o

Sigmoid colon

54

Stomat/o

Mouth

55

Uvul/o

Uvula

56

Amyl/o

Starch (Amylase)

57

Bil/i

Gall, bile

58

Bilirubin/o

Bile pigment

59

Chol/e

Gall, bile

60

Chlorhydr/o

Hydrochloric acid

61

Gluc/o

Sugar

62

Glyc/o

Sugar

63

Glycogen/o

Glycogen, animal starch

64

Lip/o

Fat

65

Lith/o

Stone

66

Prote/o

Protein

67

Py/o

Pus

68

Sial/o

Saliva, Salivary

69

Steat/o

Fat

70

-ase

Enzyme

71

-chezia

Defecation, elimination of wastes

72

-iasis

Abnormal condition

73

-prandial

Meal

74

Consists of ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid sections

Colon

75

Small sac under the liver; stores bile

Gallbladder

76

First part of the large intestine

Cecum

77

End of the digestive tract opening to the outside of the body

Anus

78

Second part of the small intestine

Jejunum

79

Tube connecting to throat to the stomach

Esophagus

80

Large organ in the RUQ; secretes bile, stores sugars, produces blood proteins

Liver

81

Throat

Pharynx

82

Lowest part of the colon

Sigmoid colon

83

First part of the small intestine

Duodenum

84

Organ under the stomach; produces insulin and digestive enzymes

Pancreas

85

-pexy

Repair

86

-stomy

Surgical opening = opening to outside

87

Anastomosis

Connection between TWO parts. It always refers to TWO things being connected

88

What order do the parts of the small intestine

Duodenum, jejunum, ileum

89

-lithotomy

Incision to remove a stone

90

-lithiasis

Abnormal condition of a stone

91

-tripsy

To crush

92

-rrhage, -rrhagia

Bursting forth

93

-rrhaphy

Suture

94

-stenosis

Narrowing, tightening

95

-Ectasis, -ectAsia

Dilation, stretching

96

-tresia

Opening

97

-ptosis

Dropping, sagging, prolapse

98

-ptysis

Spitting

99

-emesis

Vomiting

100

Emetic

Agent that causes vomiting

101

-phagia

Eating, swallowing

102

-pepsia

Digesting