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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (63)
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1

acute

having a short and relatively severe course

2

analgesic

a drug that relieves pain

3

antibiotic

antimicrobial agents that are derived from cultures of a microorganism or produced semisynthetically and used to treat infections

4

antimicrobial

drugs that destroy or inhibit the growth of microbes

5

antineoplastics

medications that are used to treat neoplasms

6

ascultation

The examiner listens for sounds within the body to evaluate the heart, blood vessels, lungs, intestines, or other organs, or to detect the fetal heart sound.

7

blood pressure

the pressure exerted by the circulating volume of blood on the walls of the arteries and veins and on the chambers of the heart

8

cannula

hollow, flexible tube that is inserted into vessels or cavities

9

catheter

a hollow flexible tube that can be inserted into a cavity of the body to withdraw or instill fluids, preform tests, or visualize a vessel or cavity

10

catheterization

the introduction of a catheter

11

catheterize

to introduce a catheter

12

chemotherapy

treatment of disease by chemical agents

13

palpation

The examiner feels the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts with the hands (enlarged liver)

14

computed radiography

the image data are digitized and immediately displayed on a moniter or recorded on film

15

computed tomography

uses ionizing radiation to produce a detailed image of a cross section of tisue

16

cytotoxic

used in cancer treatment to kill cancer cells

17

ech/o, son/o

sound

18

electr/o

electricity

19

echogram

record produced by sonography

20

echography

sonography

21

tom/o

to cut

22

fluoroscopy

The visual examination of an internal organ

23

radiolucent

substances that readily permit the passage of x-rays

24

radiopaque

substances that do not permit the passage of x-rays

25

magnetic resonance imaging

creates images of internal structures based on the magnetic properties of chemical elements within the body and uses a powerful magnetic field and radio wave pulses rather than ionizing radiation such as x-rays

26

narcotic

pertaining to a substance that produces insensibility or stupor

27

sonography

process of imaging deep structures of the body by sending and receiving high frequency sound waves that are reflected back as echoes from tissue interfaces

28

pharmaceuticals

medicinal drugs

29

positron emission tomography

combines computed tomography and radioactive substances to produce enhanced images of selected body structures, especially the heart, blood vessels, and the brain

30

pharmacotherapy

treatment of diseases with drugs or mediciene