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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (88)
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1

stem cells

cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give rise to specialized cells

2

somatic cell

body cells, such as nerve cells, muscle cells, and blood cells

3

homeostasis

the constant internal enviornment that is naturally maintained by the body

4

ana-

upward, excessive or again

5

-plasia

development or formation of tissue

6

anaplasia

a change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversal to a more primitive form

7

ventral

belly side

8

lateral

towards the back

9

proximal

nearer to the origin or point of attachment

10

cephalad

toward the head

11

caudad

toward the tail or in an inferior direction in humans

12

frontal plane

divides the body into front and back portions

13

transverse plane

divides the body into upper and lower portions

14

sagittal plane

divides the body into right and left sides

15

midsagittal plane

divides the body into two equal halves

16

caudal

pertaining to the tail

17

prone

faced downward

18

pronation (of the arm)

rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces downward

19

supination

rotation of a joint that allows the hand or foot to turn upward

20

recumbent

lying down

21

ambulant

a person who is able to walk

22

viscera

large organs contained in the ventral cavity

23

peritoneum

a membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and enfolds the internal organs

24

torso

chest, abdomen, and pelvis

25

abdomin/o

abdomen

26

acr/o

extremities

27

blephar/o

eyelid

28

cyst/o

cyst, bladder, or sac

29

dactyl/o

digit

30

lapar/o

abdominal wall