Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (33)
What is an important consideration for safe boating on rivers and streams?
understand the bottom and location of any hazards
What precautions should you take before boating at night?
know what buoy, beacon, or markers are lit and available in your area for night cruising
How do you communicate with persons being towed on skis?
haven observer on board, to communicate and monitor the skier
What is a good practice to complete before departing on all boating activities?
check the weather forecast
What are the prerequisites for operating a PWC?
must receive instruction as to the safety features and operation of the PWC
What is the propulsion system for a PWC?
a water-jet pump for propulsion
What documentation is required for a PWC?
must have the same identification letters and numbering system as other boats
Where do you store the Type B fire extinguisher required on a PWC?
mounted on it bracket in a compartment that cannot be corroded shut
Do the navigation rules apply to PWC?
Must be followed, as PWCs are vessels and operators of them must be aware of and abide by the rules
When practicing PWC skills, which system should be checked for proper orientation?
make sure the lanyard cut-off switch is operable
What is a good practice for all PWC operators?
use good judgement and have consideration for others
Considering the total weight of the boat, fuel and water, motor and gear, what percentage of this total should be added to determine a safe trailer capacity?
Low trailer tire pressure is a common factor in wheel casualties. After determining the proper pressure from the tire markings, when should you check the tire pressure?
when the tires are cold
What is the correct way to attach the trailer safety chains to your tow vehicle so that they will support the coupler in such a manner that it will remain clear of the ground is accidently uncoupled?
What trailer winch material is best for larger boats?
steel cable or nylon strap
What precaution should the winch operator take to prevent injury in the event the winch line breaks?
stay out of line with a winch cable
How do you determine the maximum gross weight that is unacceptable for your vehicle?
vehicle's owner's manual
What is a quick corrective action for insufficient trailer tongue weight?
the placement of gear in the boat
What is a useful tip for hand placement on the tow vehicle steering wheel when backing a trailer?
What is the name for rope cut to purposeful lengths for use on boats?
What is the nautical name for a section of line or cable between the bitter and working ends?
good knots are easy to tie and untie. What is a third characteristic?
not slip under tension
What characteristic on nylon line makes it more suitable for mooring and anchor line use?
stretch considerably without damage to its fibers
What type of line has little stretch, is strong, and is commonly used for sailboat running rigging?
Why is polypropylene line preferred for towing dinghies, skiers, and life-ring recovery purposes?
it floats on the surface of the water
In addition to being easy to untie, what additional benefit is gained from mooring using a cleat hitch?
release easily under load
What knot is most versatile for forming a secure loop at the end of a line?
What weather phenomena are typical of a passing cold front?
strong winds that may change direction
What type of life jacket is required for high speed recreation activity such as water skiing?
impact rated PFDs