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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (33)
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1

What is an important consideration for safe boating on rivers and streams?

understand the bottom and location of any hazards

2

What precautions should you take before boating at night?

know what buoy, beacon, or markers are lit and available in your area for night cruising

3

How do you communicate with persons being towed on skis?

haven observer on board, to communicate and monitor the skier

4

What is a good practice to complete before departing on all boating activities?

check the weather forecast

5

What are the prerequisites for operating a PWC?

must receive instruction as to the safety features and operation of the PWC

6

What is the propulsion system for a PWC?

a water-jet pump for propulsion

7

What documentation is required for a PWC?

must have the same identification letters and numbering system as other boats

8

Where do you store the Type B fire extinguisher required on a PWC?

mounted on it bracket in a compartment that cannot be corroded shut

9

Do the navigation rules apply to PWC?

Must be followed, as PWCs are vessels and operators of them must be aware of and abide by the rules

10

When practicing PWC skills, which system should be checked for proper orientation?

make sure the lanyard cut-off switch is operable

11

What is a good practice for all PWC operators?

use good judgement and have consideration for others

12

Considering the total weight of the boat, fuel and water, motor and gear, what percentage of this total should be added to determine a safe trailer capacity?

15%

13

Low trailer tire pressure is a common factor in wheel casualties. After determining the proper pressure from the tire markings, when should you check the tire pressure?

when the tires are cold

14

What is the correct way to attach the trailer safety chains to your tow vehicle so that they will support the coupler in such a manner that it will remain clear of the ground is accidently uncoupled?

crossed under

15

What trailer winch material is best for larger boats?

steel cable or nylon strap

16

What precaution should the winch operator take to prevent injury in the event the winch line breaks?

stay out of line with a winch cable

17

How do you determine the maximum gross weight that is unacceptable for your vehicle?

vehicle's owner's manual

18

What is a quick corrective action for insufficient trailer tongue weight?

the placement of gear in the boat

19

What is a useful tip for hand placement on the tow vehicle steering wheel when backing a trailer?

bottom

20

What is the name for rope cut to purposeful lengths for use on boats?

line

21

What is the nautical name for a section of line or cable between the bitter and working ends?

standing part

22

good knots are easy to tie and untie. What is a third characteristic?

not slip under tension

23

What characteristic on nylon line makes it more suitable for mooring and anchor line use?

stretch considerably without damage to its fibers

24

What type of line has little stretch, is strong, and is commonly used for sailboat running rigging?

polyester

25

Why is polypropylene line preferred for towing dinghies, skiers, and life-ring recovery purposes?

it floats on the surface of the water

26

In addition to being easy to untie, what additional benefit is gained from mooring using a cleat hitch?

release easily under load

27

What knot is most versatile for forming a secure loop at the end of a line?

bowline

28

What weather phenomena are typical of a passing cold front?

strong winds that may change direction

29

What type of life jacket is required for high speed recreation activity such as water skiing?

impact rated PFDs

30

What is the purpose of the required observer on the tow boat when towing skiers, knee boarders, and tubes?

monitor the skier at all times