Chapter 4: Attention Flashcards Preview

PSYC 213: Cognition > Chapter 4: Attention > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4: Attention Deck (13):
1

Dichotic Listening

Tasks where the subject listens to two verbal messages simultaneously in two different ears and are required to answer questions about one of the inputs

2

Selective Attention

Attention to relevant information and ignoring irrelevant information

3

Cocktail Party Phenomenon

The ability to attend to one conversation when many other conversations are around you; get its name because this occurs when we hear our name at a cocktail party

4

Shadowing Task

Task where the subject is exposed to two messages simultaneously and must repeat one of them

5

Filter

A hypothetical mechanism that would admit certain messages and block others

6

Selective Looking

occurs when we are exposed to two events simultaneously but attend to only one.

7

Early Selection

Hypothesis that attention prevents early perceptual processing of distractors

8

Late Selection

Hypothesis that we perceive both relevant and irrelevant stimuli and therefore must filter out what is irrelevant and focus on the relevant ones.

9

Stroop Task

Task that supports late selection; the colour names are printed in colours other than the colour they name (ex. "red" in blue print and being asked to name the word)

10

Automatic Processes

An autonomous process that does not require us to pay any attention to it. Ex. COLOUR of the Stroop Task

11

Manual Processes

A process that we must pay attention to if we want to execute them properly. Ex. READING of the Stroop Task

12

Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex (DLPFC)

Area of the brain that may have a top-down bias that favours the selection of task relevant information

13

Anterior Cingulate (ACC)

Area of the brain that may detect conflicting response tendencies of the of tasks the Stroop tasks elicits.