Flashcards in Chapter 4: Attention Deck (13):
Tasks where the subject listens to two verbal messages simultaneously in two different ears and are required to answer questions about one of the inputs
Attention to relevant information and ignoring irrelevant information
Cocktail Party Phenomenon
The ability to attend to one conversation when many other conversations are around you; get its name because this occurs when we hear our name at a cocktail party
Task where the subject is exposed to two messages simultaneously and must repeat one of them
A hypothetical mechanism that would admit certain messages and block others
occurs when we are exposed to two events simultaneously but attend to only one.
Hypothesis that attention prevents early perceptual processing of distractors
Hypothesis that we perceive both relevant and irrelevant stimuli and therefore must filter out what is irrelevant and focus on the relevant ones.
Task that supports late selection; the colour names are printed in colours other than the colour they name (ex. "red" in blue print and being asked to name the word)
An autonomous process that does not require us to pay any attention to it. Ex. COLOUR of the Stroop Task
A process that we must pay attention to if we want to execute them properly. Ex. READING of the Stroop Task
Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex (DLPFC)
Area of the brain that may have a top-down bias that favours the selection of task relevant information