Chapter 4- Culture Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4- Culture Deck (19):
1

Assimilation

Is a complete change in the identity of a majority culture group as it becomes part of the majority culture group

2

Built environment

The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity ranging in scale from personal shelter to neighborhoods to large-scale civic surroundings

3

Core-domain sphere model by Donald Meining

There are three terms that express to decreasing influence of a culture with increasing distance from the center of the culture region.

4

A. Core

The centralized zone of concentration or the area that possesses all of the culture traits used to define the region. This represents the heart and soul of the culture region it is vital center of focus and circulation.

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B. Domain

In the area in which the particular culture is dominant but less intense

6

C. Sphere

The zone of outer influence where people with the culture traits in question can be a minority with another culture region

7

Cultural convergence

The contact and interaction of one culture to another

8

Culture realm

The entire region throughout what your culture prevails. Criteria that may be choosing to define culture realms include religion, language, diet, customs, or economic development

9

Cultural trait

The specific customers that are part of the every day life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture.

10

Custom

The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing act

11

Folk culture

Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rule group living in relative isolation from other groups

12

Habit

A repetitive act performed by a particular individual

13

Material culture

Physical manifestations of human activities; includes tools, campsites, art, and structures. The most durable aspects of culture.

14

Mentifact

The central, enduring elements of a culture expressing its values and beliefs, including language, religion, folklore, etc.

15

Popular culture

Culture found in a large, heterogeneous decided that share certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics

16

Sociofact

The institutions and links between individuals and groups that unite a culture, including family structure and political, educational and religious institutions.

17

Taboo

A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom

18

Terroir

The contribution of a locations distinctive physical features to the way food tastes.

19

Artifact

Any item made by humans that represents a material aspect of culture