Chapter 3- Migration Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Migration Deck (38):
1

Brain drain

Large- scale emigration by talented people

2

Chain migration

Migration of people to a specific location because of relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there

3

Counterurbanization

Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries

4

Diaspora

To disperse forcefully or voluntary of people from their homeland to a new place.

5

Distance decay function

The diminishing in the likeliness of a migrant to immigrate to an area based on how far away it is

6

Emigration

Migration from a location

7

Floodplain

An area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends

8

Forced migration

Permanent movement usually by cultural factors

9

Guest workers

Workers who migrate to more developed countries of north eastern and western Europe usually from south eastern and Eastern Europe or from north Africa in search of higher-paying jobs

10

Immigration

Migration to a new location

11

Internal migration

Permanent movement within a particular country

12

International migration

Permanent movement from one country to another

13

Intervening obstacle

And environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration

14

Interaregional

Movement within one region of the country

15

Activity space

The range of an area in which an organism participates in its daily activities

15

Lee's Model

In 1966 Everett Lee added to the Ravenstiens migration theory by defining push and pull factors

17

Migration

Form of relocation diffusion involving a permanent move to new country

18

Migration selectivity

Only people exhibiting certain characteristics in a population choosing to migrate

19

Migration stream

The flow of migration; immigration and emigration patterns that appear when large numbers of people move from one location to another

20

Migration transition

Change in migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization population growth and other social and economic changes

21

Mobility

All types of movement from one location to another

22

Net migration

The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration

23

Net-in migration

If the number of immigrants exceeds the number of emigrants the net migration is positive in the region has net-in-migration

24

Net-out migration

If the number of emigrants exceeds the number of immigrants the net migration is negative and the region has net-out migration

25

Pull factor

Factor that induces people to move to a new area

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Push factor

Factor that induces people to leave old residences

27

Quotas

In reference to migration laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year

28

Ravenstein's Laws

10 laws that predict the flow of migrants developed by demographer Ernest Ravenstein

29

Refugees

People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution

30

Remittances

effective means to alleviate poverty particularly in rural areas where access to credit would otherwise be impossible

31

Step migration

When people move up in a hierarchy of locations

32

Suburbanization

Movement of urban people to the suburbs for various reasons such as more room larger homes less crime less population

33

Time- contract workers

Immigrant recruited for a fixed period to work in mines or plantations

34

Transhumance

The seasonal migration of life stuck between mountains and low land pastures

35

Unauthorized immigrants

People who enter a country without proper documents

36

Urbanization

An increase in the percentage of the number of people living in urban settlements

37

Voluntary migration

Permanent migration undertaken by choice

38

Zelinsky, Wilbur

One of Americans most prominent cultural geographers; equated migration to the demographic transition model.