Chapter 4 Medical/Legal Glossary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Medical/Legal Glossary Deck (25)
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Abandonment

Leaving a patient after care has been initiated and before a patient the has been transferred to equal or greater medical training

1

Advance Directive

A DNR order; instructions written in advance of a event

2

Assault

Placing a person in fear of bodily harm

3

Battery

Causing bodily harm to or restraining a person

4

Confidentiality

The obligation to not reveal information obtained about a patient except to other health care professionals involved in the patients care, or under subpoena, or in court of law, when the patient has signed a release of confidentiality.

5

Consent

Permission from the patient for care or other action by EMT

6

Crime Scene

The location where a crime has been committed or any place that evidence relating to the crime may be found

7

Do not resuscitate (DNR) order

A legal document, usually signed by the patient and his physician, which states that the patient has a terminal illness and does not wish to prolong life through resuscitative efforts

8

Duty to act

An obligation to provide care to a patient

9

Ethical

Regarding a social system or social or professional expectations for applying principles of right and wrong

10

Expressed consent

Consent given by adults who are of legal age and mentally competent to make a rational decision in regard to their medical well-being

11

Good Samaritan Laws

A series of laws, varing in each state, designed to provide limited legal protection for citizens and some health care personnel when they are administering emergency care

12

HIPAA

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, a federal law protecting the privacy of patients specific health care information and providing the patient with control over how this information is used and distributed

13

Implied Consent

The consent it is presumed a patient or patient's parent or guardian would give if they could , such as for a unconscious patient or parent who could not be contacted when care is needed

14

In loco parentis

In place of the parents, indicating a person who may give consent for care of a child when the parents are not present or able to give consent

15

Liability

Being held legally responsible

16

Moral

Regarding personal standards or principles of right and wrong

17

Negligence

A finding of failure to act properly in a situation in which there was a duty to act, that needed care as would reasonably expected of the EMT was not provided, and that harm was caused to the other patient as result

18

Organ Donor

A person who has completed a legal document that allows for the donation of organs and tissues in the event of death

19

res ipsa loquitur

A Latin term meaning " the thing speaks for itself"

20

Safe Haven Law

A law that permits a person to drop off a infant or child at a police , fire, or EMS station or to deliver the infant or child to any public safety personnel. The intent of the law is to protect children who may otherwise be abandoned or harmed

21

scope of practice

A set of regulations and ethical considerations that define the scope, or extent of the limits, of the EMT Job.

22

Slander

False or injurious information stated verbally

23

Standard Of Care

For a EMT providing care for a specific patient in a specific situation, the care that would be expected to be provided by a EMT with similar training while caring for a patient in a similar situation.

24

Tort

A civil, not criminal, offense, an action or injury caused by negligence from which a lawsuit may arise.