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What is a order in relation to a EMT?

Preauthorized treatment procedures; a type of treatment protocol. See also offline medical direction, protocols.


What are protocols?

The policies and procedures for all components of the EMS system. Also called orders or standing orders.


What are directives?

These are documents designed to control certain future health care decisions of the future patient in question. The person must also have a terminal illness, permanent unconsciousness(vegetative state). If a person has hope of recovery, the living will generally doesn't apply. State laws vary on this matter. Living wills and durable power of attorney are two common forms of directives. They can be in the form of a DNR do not resuscitate order and or include specifics on medical treatment. For example no CPR or no blood transfusions.


What BSI do you use in all scenarios?

Types of BSI (body substance isolation) used by EMTs are
Hospital gowns
Medical gloves
Shoe Covers
Surgical mask or N95 Respirator
Safety Glasses


How does your body use glucose on a cellular level?

Mitochondria converts glucose and other nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
(ATP) is fuel for cell functions
Without ATP many of the cell's specialized structures cannot function


What proves negligence legally?

Duty to act/ or the standard of care exits
There has been failure to conform to the duty or standard of care
A link exists showing the failure cause injury to the complaining party
There has been an actual loss or injury. Damages whether physical or psychological; which can be measured in actual damages


What is the Ryan white care act?

Comprehensive AIDS emergency act. Mandates that all patients must be treated equally despite the disease they may have. Also mandates that EMS personnel can find out whether they were exposed to life threatening diseases while providing care.


What does OSHA

OSHA = Occupational Safety and Health Act

Established in 1970


What does CDC stand for

Center For Disease Control


When are you legally obligated to take care of a patient?

When you have a duty to act.


What is implied consent?

Implied consent is a legally recognized doctrine that allows provider to consider an unconscious or incoherent patient as having consented to treatment if a reasonable patient in the same circumstance would be presumed to give consent


What express consent?

Consent directly given by voice or in writing.


What is informed consent?

Permission granted in knowledge of the possible consequences, typically that which is given by a patient to a doctor for a treatment with full knowledge of the possible risks and benefits.


What is Scope Of Practice?

The actions and care that are legally allowed to be provided by a EMT.


What is Standard Of Care in regards to a EMT?

Emergency care that would be expected to given to a patient by any trained EMT under similar circumstances.


How do you maintain patient confidentiality?

By following HIPPA guidelines. Only sharing patient information with pertinent healthcare provides in direct care for the patient.


What is abandonment?

Failure to act on your duty as a EMT


What is used for HIPPA?

To maintain privacy of a patient's health records.


What type of calls are EMTs required to report?

Different forms of physical abuse.
Elder abuse
Pediatric abuse
Domestic abuse
Anything involving in a crime


What is minute volume?

It is tidal volume over a minute. (Tidal volume = amount of air breathed in one breath)



Toward the outside



Toward the midline



Closer to the torso



Further away from the torso



Toward the top ( or lower portion )



Toward the bottom ( or upper portion )


How do you calculate cardiac output?

Cardiac output is the volume of blood pumped by the heart per minute (mL blood/min) Cardiac output is a function of heart rate and stroke volume. The heart rate is simply the number of heart beats per minute. The stroke volume is the volume of blood, in milliliter a (mL), pumped out the heart with each beat. Stroke volume X heart rate = Cardiac Output. The average is 5.6 L/min for a male and 4.9 for a female L/min


What is the Cranium?

The skull


What is the mandible?

The jaw bone


What is the Scapula?

The shoulder blade