Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (99):
1

an/o

anus

2

append/o

appendix

3

appendic/o

appendix

4

bucc/o

cheek

5

cec/o

cecum

6

celi/o

belly, abdomen

7

cheil/o

lip

8

choledoch/o

gallbladder

9

col/o

colon

10

colon/o

colon

11

dent/i

tooth

12

duoden/o

duodenum

13

enter/o

intestines, usually small intestine

14

esophag/o

esophagus

15

faci/o

face

16

gastr/o

stomach

17

gingiv/o

gums

18

gloss/o

tongue

19

hepat/o

liver

20

ile/o

ileum

21

jejun/o

jejunum

22

labi/o

lip

23

lapar/o

abdomen

24

lingu/o

tongue

25

mandibul/o

mandible

26

odont/o

tooth

27

or/o

mouth

28

palat/o

palate

29

pancreat/o

pancreas

30

peritone/o

peritonium

31

pharyng/o

throat

32

proct/o

anus and rectum

33

pylor/o

pyloric sphincter

34

rect/o

rectum

35

sialaden/o

salivary gland

36

sigmoid

sigmoid colon

37

stomat/o

mouth

38

uvul/o

uvula

39

amyl/o

starch

40

bil/i

bile, gall

41

bilirubin/o

bilirubin

42

chol/e

gall, bile

43

chlorhydr/o

hydrochloric acid

44

gluc/o

sugar

45

glyc/o

sugan

46

glycogen/o

glycogen, animal starch

47

lip/o

fat, lipid

48

lith/o

stone

49

prote/o

protein

50

py/o

pus

51

sial/o

saliva, salivary gland

52

steat/o

fat

53

-ase

enzyme

54

-chezia

defecation, elimination of waste

55

-iasis

abnormal condition

56

-prandial

meal

57

anorexia

loss of appetite

58

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

59

borborygmus

rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid or both in the GI tract

60

constipation

difficulty passing stools

61

diarrhea

frequent passing of loose, watery stools

62

dysphagia

difficulty in swallowing

63

eructation

burping

64

flatus

farting

65

hematochezia

passage of fresh, bright blood from the rectum

66

jaundice

yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood

67

melena

black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood

68

nausea

Unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with a tendency to vomit

69

steatorrhea

fat in the feces, frothy, foul-smelling feces

70

aphthous stomatitis

Inflammation of the mouth with small, painful ulcers

71

dental caries

tooth decay

72

herpetic stomatitis

Inflammation of the mouth caused by infection with the herpesvirus

73

oral leukoplakia

while plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth

74

periodontal disease

inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone.

75

Achalasia

Failure of the lower esophagus sphincter muscle to relax

76

Esophageal cancer

Malignant tumor of the esophagus

77

Esophageal varices

Swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus

78

Gastric cancer

Malignant tumor of the stomach

79

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach

80

Hernia

Protrusion of an organ or part through the tissues and muscles normally containing it

81

Peptic ulcer

Open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum

82

Anal fistula

Abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus

83

Colonic polyps

Polyps (benign growths) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon

84

Colorectal cancer

Adenocarcinoma of the colon, rectum or both.

85

Crohn disease

Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract

86

diverticulosis

Abnormal outpouching (diverticula) in the intestinal wall of the colon.

87

dysentery

painful, inflamed intestines commonly caused by bacterial infection

88

hemorrhoids

Swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region.

89

ileus

loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines

90

inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Inflammation of the colon and small intestines

91

intussusception

telecscoping of the intestines.

92

irritable bowel syndrome

Group of GI symptoms (abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, constipation), but without abnormalities in the intestines.

93

ulcerative colitis

Chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers.

94

volvulus

Twisting of the intestine on itself

95

Cholelithiasis

Gallstones in the gallbladder

96

cirrhosis

Chronic degenerative disease of the liver.

97

pancreatic cancer

malignant tumor of the pancreas

98

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

99

viral hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver caused by a virus