Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (94):
1

adnexae uteri

fallopian tubes, ovaries and supporting ligaments

2

amnion

innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus

3

areola

dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple

4

Bartholin Glands

Small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice

5

cervix

lower, neck-like portion of the uterus

6

chorion

Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo

7

clitoris

organ of sensitive, erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the urethra

8

coitus

sex

9

corpus luteum

empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of egg cell; literally means yellow (luteum) body (corpus)

10

cul-de-sac

region in the lower abdomen, midway between rectum and uterus

11

embryo

stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks

12

endometrium

Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus

13

estrogen

Hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics

14

fallopian tube

One pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus; also called an oviduct

15

fertilization

union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops

16

fetus

stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks

17

fimbriae

finger- or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes

18

FSH

Follicle stimulating hormone: Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum).

19

gamete

male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum

20

genitalia

reproductive organs

21

gestation

period from fertilization of the ovum to birth

22

gonad

female or male reproductive organs that produce sex cells: ovary or testis

23

gynecology

study of female reproductive organs including breasts

24

human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone

25

hymen

mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina

26

labia

lips of the vagina

27

lactiferous ducts

tubes that carry milk within the breasts

28

luteinizing hormone (LH)

secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation

29

mammary papilla

nipple of the breast

30

menarche

beginning of the first menstrual cycle and ability to reproduce

31

menopause

gradual ending of menstruation

32

menstruation

monthly shedding of the uterine lining.

33

Menses

flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation

34

myometrium

muscle layer of the uterus

35

neonatology

branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn (neonate).

36

obstetrics

Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.

37

Orifice

opening

38

ovarian follicle

Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary

39

ovulation

release of ovum from the ovary

40

Ovum, Ova

mature egg cell(s)

41

parturition

act of giving birth

42

perineum

In females, the area between the anus and vagina

43

pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain. Produces hormones that stimulate the ovaries. The pituitary gland also regulates other endocrine organs.

44

placenta

vascular organ attached to uterine wall during pregnancy

45

pregnancy

developing fetus within mother for about 40 weeks.

46

progesterone

hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women

47

puberty

Point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced.

48

uterine serosa

Outermost layer surrounding the uterus

49

uterus

hollow, pear shaped organ in which embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs.

50

vagina

mucosa lined canal from cervix to exterior of body

51

vulva

external female genitalia; includes labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice.

52

zygote

stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation up to 2 weeks.

53

amni/o

amnion

54

bartholin/o

Bartholin gland

55

cervic/o

cervix, neck

56

chori/o, chorion/o

chorion

57

colp/o

vagina

58

culd/o

cul-de-sac

59

episi/o

vulva

60

galact/o

milk

61

gynec/o

woman, female

62

hyster/o

uterus, womb

63

lact/o

milk

64

mamm/o

breast

65

mast/o

breast

66

men/o

menses, menstruation

67

metr/o, metri/o

uterus

68

my/o, myom/o

muscle, muscle tumor

69

nat/i

birth

70

obstetr/o

pregnancy and childbirth

71

o/o

egg

72

oophor/o

ovary

73

ov/o

egg

74

ovari/o

ovary

75

ovul/o

egg

76

perine/o

perineum

77

phor/o

to bear

78

salping/o

fallopian tubes

79

uter/o

uterus

80

vagin/o

vagina

81

vulv/o

vulva

82

-arche

beginning

83

-cyesis

pregnancy

84

-gravida

pregnant

85

-parous

bearing, bringing forth

86

-rrhea

discharge

87

-salpinx

fallopian tube

88

-tocia

labor, birth

89

-version

act of turning

90

endometriosis

Endometrial tissue located outside the uterus

91

fibroids

benign tumors in the uterus

92

abruptio placentae

premature separation of the normally implanted placenta

93

placenta previa

implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus.

94

preeclampsia

abnormal condition associated with pregnancy marked by hypertension, proteinuria, edema and headache