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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (30)
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1

a globulin manufactured by plasma cells in response to contact with a foreign antigen

antibody

2

a lymphocyte that differentiates into plasma cells and is associated with humoral immunity

b lymphocyte

3

lymphocytes capable of destroying foreign or abnormal cells, although they have not had any prior antigenic contact with cells

natural killer cells

4

a method of inducing a diminished response to allergens by inducing the formation of specific IgG and IgA antibodies

desensitization

5

a soluble substance liberated by lymphocytes

lymphokine

6

an antibody protein

immunoglobulin

7

a substance that competes with or replaces another substance (metabolite) required for cell growth or multiplication

antimetabolite

8

a severe generalized IgEmediated hypersensitivity reaction characterized by marked respiratory distress and fall in blood pressure

anaphylaxis

9

an abnormally small number of leukocytes in the peripheral blood

leukopenia

10

a state of abnormal reactivity to a foreign material

hypersensitivity

11

having a genetic predisposition to certain allergic conditions such as hay fever or asthma

atopic

12

an abbreviation for a natural killer cells

NK cells

13

immunity associated with population of sensitized lymphocytes

cell mediated immunity

14

immunity associated with formation of antibodies produced by plasma cells

humoral immunity

15

resistance to disease

immunity

16

a type of lymphocyte associated with cell mediated immunity

T lymphocyte

17

an anemia caused by increased blood destruction

hemolytic anemia

18

an antibody formed against one's own cells or tissue components

autoantibody

19

cytotoxic delayed hypersensitivity T cells that protect the body by attacking and destroying body cells infected with bacteria or viruses

effector T cells

20

a tendency to form specific IgE antibody to antigens that do not affect most persons

allergy

21

genes on chromosome 6 that control the immune response to specific antigens

immune response genes

22

a disease associated with formation of cell-mediated or humoral immunity against the subject's own cells or tissue components

autoimmune disease

23

a substance capable of inducing an allergic reaction in a predisposed individual

allergen

24

a hypersensitivity reaction resembling anaphylaxis but not caused by IgE antibodies

anaphylactoid reaction

25

a general term for any protein secreted by cells that functions as an intercellular messenger and influences cells of the immune system. Cytokines are secreted by macrophages and monocytes (monokines), lyphocytes (lymphokines) and other cells

cytokine

26

a broad-spectrum antiviral agent manufactured by various cells in the body

interferon

27

a lymphokine that stimulates growth of lymphocytes

interleukin-2

28

an immunologic process characterized by destruction of a transplanted organ

rejection

29

producing cell necrosis or destruction

cytotoxic

30

a cytokine that can destroy foreign or abnormal cells

tumor necrosis factor