Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

American Government (12th Grade) > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (35):
1

Qualifications and Term of Office of a member of the House

- 25 yrs old
- citizen for 7 yrs
- two year terms
- begin terms on even years

2

reapportionment

population of each state determines the new number of reps to which each state is entitled

3

Baker v. Carr

federal courts could decide conflicts over drawing district boundaries

4

Reynolds v. Sims

the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment required that seats in both houses of the Alabama State legislature be apportioned on a population basis

5

Wesberry v. Sanders

the Constitution clearly intended that a vote in one congressional district was to be worth the same as a vote in another district

6

gerrymandering

the political party controlling the state government draws a district's boundaries to gain an advantage in elections

7

Qualifications and Term of Office of a member of the Senate

- 30 yrs old
- citizen for 9 yrs
- 2 per state
- 6 year terms
- 1/3 of senators run for reelections every 2 years

8

27th Amendment

prohibits a sitting Congress from giving itself a pay raise

9

franking privilege

Congress pays for members' work related expenses

10

Purposes of Leaders in the House (6)

- organizing and unifying party members
- scheduling the work of the House
- making certain that lawmakers are present for key floor votes
- distributing and collecting info
- keeping the House in touch with the president
- influencing lawmakers to support the policies of their political party

11

Speaker of the House (3)

- can decide which members go first
- appoints the members of some committees
- schedules bills for action
- refers bills to the proper House committee

12

Majority Leader in the House (3)

- help plan the party's legislative program
- steer important bills through the House
- make sure the chairpersons of many committees finish work on bills important to the party

13

Union Calendar

money issues

14

Private Calendar

individual people and places

15

Consent Calendar

gives unanimous consent to debate out of regular order

16

Discharge Calendar

petitions to discharge a bill from committee

17

quorum

minimum number of members who must be present to permit a legislative body to take official action

18

atmosphere of the Senate

all senators have maximum freedom to express their ideas, more flexible and laid back then the House

19

The Vice President (3)

- leader of the Senate
- tie breaker
- influence Senate through personal contact with senators

20

Majority Leader in the Senate (3)

- steer the party's bills through the Senate
- responsible for making certain the majority party members attend important Senate sessions
- organizing their support on key bills

21

Calendar of General Orders

lists all bills the Senate will consider

22

Executive Calendar

treaties and nominations

23

filibuster

stall the legislative process and prevent a vote

24

cloture

allows each senator to speak only 1 hour on a bill under debate

25

Purposes of Committees (3)

- allows members of Congress to divide their work among many smaller groups
- committees choose the few bills that are to receive further consideration
- by holding public hearings and investigations, committees help the public learn about key problems and issues facing the nation

26

Standing Committees (2)

- continue from one house of Congress to the next
- majority leader controls standing committee --> selects a chair person for each from among its party members

27

Subcommittees

specializes in a subcategory of its standing committee's responsibility

28

Select Committees

study one specific issue and report their findings to the Senate or the House

29

Joint Committees

coordinate the work of the two houses of Congress

30

Conference Committees

resolve differences between the two versions of the bill

31

Assignment to the right committees can help strengthen member's career by.... (3)

- membership on some committees can increase a lawmaker's changes for reelection
- lawmaker will be able go influence national policy making
- a member to exert influence over other lawmakers because they deal with matters important to everyone in Congress

32

Role of Committee Chairperson (3)

- decide when their committees will meet, which bills they will consider, and for how long
- hire committee staff members and control the committee budget
- manage floor debates that take place on the bills that come from their committees

33

Role of Congressional Staff

- help lawmakers handle the growing workload of Congress
- communicate with voters
- help run committee hearings and floor sessions
- draft new bills
- attend committee meetings

34

Administrative Assistants (4)

- runs the lawmaker's office
- supervises the lawmaker's schedule
- gives advice on political matters
- deals with influencing people from the lawmaker's congressional district or state

35

Legislative Assistants (3)

- lawmaker is well informed about the many bills with which she or he must deal
- does research, draft bills, studies bills currently in Congress, and writes speeches and articles for the lawmakers
- assist lawmaker in committee meetings and to attend committee meetings when the lawmaker can't be present