Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (29):
1

simple resolution

covers matters affecting only one house of Congress and is passed by that house alone

2

joint resolutions (3)

- may correct an error in an earlier law
- appropriate money for a special purpose
- propose constitutional amendments

3

concurrent resolutions

covers matters requiring the action of the House and Senate, but on which a law isn't needed

4

rider

a provision on a subject other than the one covered in the bill

5

how bills are introduced in the House

a rep drops the bill into the hopper, a box near the clerk's desk

6

how bills are introduced in the Senate

the presiding officer must first recognize the senator who then formally presented the bill

7

hearing

the committee listens to testimony from witnesses who may include experts on the subject of the bill

8

markup session

decide what changes, if any, to make the bill

9

conferees

come from House or Senate and were commit members that handled the bill originally

10

conference report

a majority of the members of the conference committee from each house drafts the final bill

11

pocket veto

president can kill a bill passed during the last 10 days Congress is in session by refusing to act on it

12

line item veto

allows a leader to reject specific line of a bill while accepting the main body of the legislation

13

Clinton v. City of New York

ruled line item veto unconstitutional

14

Ways and Means Committee

decides whether to go along with presidential requests for tax cuts or increases

15

closed value

forbids members to offer any amendments to a bill from the floor

16

authorization bill

sets up a federal program and specifics how much money may be appropriated for that program

17

appropriates bill

provides the money needed to carry out the many laws Congress has passed

18

uncontrollables

the gov't is legally committed to spend this money

19

entitlements

social programs that continue from one year to the next

20

Influences on Lawmakers (6)

- personality
- congressional staff members
- concerns of voters
- own political parties
- president
- special interest groups

21

Topics Democrats vote in favor for (3)

- social welfare programs
- job programs through public works
- tax laws that help people with lower income
gov't regulation of business

22

Topics Republicans vote in favor for (4)

- lower taxes
- less gov't spending
- local and state rather than federal solutions to problems
- support business
- less gov't involvement

23

lobbyists

convince members of Congress to support policies favored by the groups they represent

24

lobbying

lobbyists' effort to persuade officials to support their point of view

25

PAC

uses funds to support lawmakers who favor their positions on issues

26

caseworkers

handle requests for help

27

Purposes of Casework (3)

- help lawmakers get reelected
- Congress can oversee executive branch
- average citizen to cope with the huge national gov't

28

pork barrel legislation

a member of Congress takes money from the federal treasury to use for a federal project for his or her district

29

logrolling

two or more lawmakers agree to support each other's bills