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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (27):
1

delegated powers

powers the Constitution grants to the national gov't

2

expressed powers

powers directly stated in the Constitution by the Founders

3

implied powers

powers that the national gov't requires to carry out the expressed powers

4

inherent powers

powers that the national gov't may exercise simply because it's a gov't

5

concurrent powers

powers that both the national gov't and state gov'ts have

6

Denied powers to the national gov't (2)

- can't tax exports
- can't interfere with the states' ability to carry out their jobs

7

Denied powers to the state gov'ts (4)

- can't make treaties
- can't coin money
- can't make any laws impairing the obligation of contracts
- can't grant titles of nobility

8

Guarantees to the States (3)

- republican form of government
- protection from invasion or domestic violence
- must respect boundaries of each state

9

republican form of government

states can send their own senators and representatives to the national gov't

10

enacting act

enables the people of the territory interested in becoming a state to prepare a constitution

11

How did the NGA help the governors?

held seminars on subjects like organizing the governor's office, dealing with press, and organizing intergovernmental relations

12

How did the NGA influence national policy?

addressed educational, welfare, and health care reforms, changing balance, and policy issues

13

Obligations of the states (2)

- conduct and pay for elections of all national gov't officials
- amending the Constitution

14

McCulloch v Maryland

conflict between state and national gov't --> national gov't wins

15

Full Faith and Credit

every state needs to recognize and respect the rules and proceedings of other states

16

civil law

laws relating to disputes between individuals, groups, or with the state

17

states' rights position (3)

- favors state and local action in dealing with problems
- believed the states created the national gov't and gave it only certain limited powers
- believed state gov'ts were closer to the people and better reflect their wishes

18

nationalist position (3)

- favors national action in dealing with the matters
- believed the people, not the states, created the national gov't and the states meaning the national gov't was not subordinate to the states
- believed the powers delegated to the national gov't should be expanded as necessary to carry out the people's will

19

Civil Rights Act of 1964

forbade racial discrimination in public accommodations

20

How was income tax used to strengthen the national gov't? (2)

- used taxes to regulate businesses
- used taxes to influence states to adopt certain programs

21

federal grants

sums of money given to state gov'ts to be spent for a variety of specific purposes

22

preemption

power to assume responsibility for a state gov't function, in order to gain authority over a state

23

restraints

requirement set by Congress that prohibits a state gov't from exercising a certain power

24

mandates

federal order requiring states to provide a service or undertake an activity in a manner that meets minimum national standards set by Congress

25

sunset laws

require periodic checks of gov't agencies to see if they are still needed

26

sunshine law

prohibits public officials from holding closed meetings

27

bureaucracy

organization of gov't admin