Chapter 5 - Variations in Consciousness Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Variations in Consciousness Deck (31):
1

people's experience of task unrelated thoughts

mind wandering

2

device that monitors the electrical activity of the brain over time by means of recording electrodes attached to the surface of the scalp

EEG

3

periodic fluctuations in physiological functioing

biological rhythms

4

the 24 hour biological cycles found in humans and many other species

circadian rhythms

5

machine that records muscular activity and tension

EMG

6

machine that records eye movement

EOG

7

consists of sleep stages 3 and 4, during which high-amplitude, low-frequency delta waves become prominent in EEG readings

slow wave sleep

8

relatively deep stage of sleep marked by rapid eye movements; high frequency, low amplitude brain waves and vivid dreaming

REM sleep

9

sleep stages 1 to 4, which are marked by an absence of rapid eye movements, relatively little dreaming and varied EEG activity

non-REM sleep

10

REM sleep and slow wave sleep firm up learning by...

memory consolidation

11

neurogensis can occur during...

REM and slow wave sleep

12

chronic problems getting adequate sleep
difficult falling asleep, remaining asleep and early morning awakening

insomnia

13

disease marked by sudden and irresistible onsets of sleep during normal waking periods
can happen at any time

narcolepsy

14

frequent, reflexive gasping for air that awakens a person and disrupts sleep

sleep apnea

15

anxiety-arousing dreams that lead to awakening, usually from REM sleep

nightmares

16

abrupt awakenings from non REM sleep, accompanied by intense autonomic arousal and feelings of panic

night terrors

17

occurs when a person arises and wanders about while remaining asleep

sleep walking (somnambulism)

18

dreams in which people can think clearly about the circumstances of waking life and the fact that they are dreaming, yet they remain asleep in the midst of a vivid dream

lucid dreams

19

consists of the plot of a dream at the surface level

manifest content

20

hidden or disguised meanings of the events in the plot

latent content

21

dreams as wish fulfillment

Freud

22

problem-solving view

Cartwright

23

activation-synthesis model

Hobson & McCarley

24

a family of practices that train attention to heighten awareness and bring mental processes under greater voluntary control

meditation

25

drugs derived from opium that are capable of relieving pain
morphine and heroin

narcotics

26

sleep inducing drugs that tend to decrease CNS activation and behavioural activity

sedatives

27

drugs that tend to increase CNS activation and behavioral activity
cocaine

stimulents

28

diverse group of drugs that have powerful effects on mental and emotional functioning, marked most prominently by distortions in sensory and perceptual experience
(LSD)

hallucinogens

29

hemp plant from which marijuana, hashish and THC are derived

cannabis

30

compound drug related to both amphetamines and hallucinogens

MDMA

31

when a person must continue to take drug to satisfy intense mental and emotional craving for the drug

psychological dependence