Chapter 7 - Memory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Memory Deck (34):
1

forming a memory code

encoding

2

maintaining encoded information in memory over time

storage

3

recovering info from memory stores

retrieval

4

deeper levels of processing result in longer lasting memory codes

levels of processing theory

5

linking a stimulus to other info at the time of encoding

elaboration

6

Paivio - memory is enhanced by forming semantic and visual codes, since either lead to recall

dual-coding theory

7

the process of repetitively verbalizing or thinking about information

rehersal

8

group of familiar stimuli stored as a single unti

chunk

9

limited capacity storage system that temporarily maintains and stores info by providing an interface between perception, memory and action

working memory

10

the tendency to remember similar of related items in group

clustering

11

multilevel classification system based on common properties among items

conceptual heirarchy

12

organized cluster of knowledge about a particular object or event abstracted from previous experience with the object or event

schema

13

nodes representing concepts, joined together by pathways that link related concepts

semantic network

14

participants recall of an event they witnessed is altered by introducing misleading post event info

misinformation effect

15

process of deciding whether memories are based on external sources or internal sources

reality monitoring

16

making attributions about the origins of memory

source monitoring

17

memory derived from one source is misattributed to another source

source monitoring error

18

recalling to whom one has told what

destination memory

19

proportion of material retained

retention

20

forgetting occurs because memory traces fade with time

decay theory

21

people forget info because of competition from other material

interference theory

22

occurs when new info impairs retention of old info

retroactive interference

23

occurs when old info impairs retention of new info

proactive interference

24

value of a retrieval cue depends on how well it corresponds to the memory code

encoding specificity principle

25

initial processing of info is similar to the type of processing required by the subsequent measure of retention

transfer-appropriate processing

26

loss of memories for events that occur before onset of amnesia

retrograde amnesia

27

loss of memories for events that occur after the onset of amnesia

anterograde amnesia

28

gradual conversion of info into durable memory codes stored in LTM

consolidation

29

retention is exhibited on a task that doesn't require intentional remembering

implicit memory

30

intentional recall of previous events

explicit memory

31

factual info

declarative memory

32

memory for actions, skills, operations and conditioned responses

procedural memory

33

remembering to perform actions in the future

prospective memory

34

remembering events from the past

retrospective memory