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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (107):
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Function of bone

1

Mineral homeostasis

Function of bone

2

Protection

Function of bone

3

Production of blood cells

Function of bone

4

Assisting in movement

Function of bone

5

Triglyceride storage

Function of bone

6

The membranous outer covering of long bone

Periosteum

7

The method of ossification forming most bones

Endochondral

8

The enlarged ends of a long bone

Epiphyses

9

Articulate cartilage is an example of the cartilage type

Hyaline

10

The center of an osteon which carries blood vessels longitudinally through bone

Haversian canal

11

The shaft of a long bone

Diaphysis

12

Rings of bony tissue filled with minerals and surrounding the Haversian canal

Lamellae

13

Mature bone cells

Osteocytes

14

Bone that contains numerous air spaces between cells

Spongy

15

Microscopic cavities in bone containing osteocytes

Lacunae

16

A space In bone which contains marrow

Medullary canal

17

Bone forming cells

Osteoblasts

18

Very dense bone with no air spaces within

Compact

19

Small channels connecting lacunae with each other

Canaliculli

20

The unit of structure in compact bone

Haversian system

21

The mineral part of bone

Matrix

22

The "growth area" in bones where epiphysis joins diaphysis

Epiphyseal plate

23

Bone is an example of this major tissue type

Connective

24

Bone disorder characterized by decreased bone mass and increased susceptibility to fractures

Osteoporosis

25

The area of a long bone containing the thickest layer of compact bone

Diaphysis

26

Secrete cartilage matrix

Chondroblasts

27

Involved in bone resorption

Osteoclasts

28

Mature cartilage cells

Chondrocytes

29

Mature bone cells

Osteocytes

30

Cells that form cells

Osteoblasts

31

When trying to locate a foramen in a bone, you would look for

An opening or hole

32

The ribs articulate with a

Thoracic vertebrae

33

Run lengthwise through bone

Haversian canal

34

Connect central canals with lacunae

Canaliculi

35

Concentric rings of matrix

Lamellae

36

Connect nutrient arteries and nerves from the periosteum to the central canals

Volkmanns canal

37

The presence of an Epiphyseal line in a long none indicates that the bone

Has stopped growing in length

38

The hyoid bone is unique because it

Does not articulate with any other bone

39

The bones that form the pectoral girdle are the

Clavicle and scapula

40

The main hormone that regulates the ca2+ balance between bone and blood is

Parathyroid hormone

41

Spongy bone differs from compact bone because spongy bone

Las latticework walls known as trabeculae

42

Humerus

Long

43

Carpus

Short

44

Vertebra

Irregular

45

Sternum

Flat

46

Where long bones form joints, the epiphysis are covered with

Hyaline cartilage

47

What substance in bone contributed to its tensile strength

Collagen

48

Lacrimal

Axial skeleton

49

Clavicle

Appendicular skeleton

50

Radius

Appendicular skeleton

51

Mandible

Axial skeleton

52

Patella

Appendicular

53

Carpals

Appendicular skeleton

54

Scapula

Appendicular

55

Sternum

Axial

56

Phalanges

Appendicular

57

Tarsals

Appendicular

58

Ethmoid

Axial

59

Metatarsals

Appendicular

60

Temporal

Axial

61

Metacarpals

Appendicular

62

Vomer

Axial

63

Fibula

Appendicular

64

Palatine

Axial

65

Hyoid

Axial

66

Tibia

Appendicular

67

Sphenoid

Axial

68

Vertebrae

Axial

69

Coxal

Appendicular

70

Maxilla

Axial

71

Frontal

Axial

72

Inferior nasal concha

Axial

73

Humerus

Appendicular

74

Ulna

Appendicular

75

Femur

Appendicular

76

Ribs

Axial

77

Occipital

Axial

78

3 parts of the hip bone

Iluim
Pubis
Ischium

79

What type of bone forms most of the epiphyses of long bones and consists of trabeculae that surround spaces filled with red bone marrow

Spongy

80

What name is given to the information of bone

Ossification

81

Which bone is the only moveable one in the skull

Mandible

82

The ribs and cranial bones are classified as what type of bone

Flat

83

What condition results from a sideways bending of the vertebral column

Scoliosis

84

What are the units of structure in compact bone with little space between them

Osteon

85

In a typical long bone, what type of cartilage is the articular cartilage composed of

Hyaline

86

What bones make up the pectoral girdle

Scapula
Clavicle

87

Yellow bone marrow is located in the

Diaphysis

88

Yellow bone marrow is located mainly of

Adipose

89

What bone disorder occurs when bone destruction outpaces bone formation due to the depletion of calcium

Osteoporosis

90

7 pairs of ribs that attach directly to the sternum

True ribs

91

What is the name of the center of an osteon that carries blood vessels longitudinally through the bone

Haversian canal

92

Bone that is the largest, strongest and heaviest

Femur

93

Bones of the things, forearms and fingers are

Long bones

94

What are the neck vertebrae called

Cervical vertebrae

95

Name the hole in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes

Foramen magnum

96

Nasal bone, maxilla and mandible are part of what group

Facial

97

Cleft palate occurs when what bones fail to unite

Maxillae

98

Which bone located under the jaw does not articulate with any other bone

Hyoid

99

Scroll like bones in the nasal cavity
Job is to filter air before it gets to lungs

Conchae

100

Soft spots

Fontanelles

101

Temporal bone

Cranial

102

Name for the immovable joint in the skull formed where skull bone fuse together

Suture

103

Which cranial bone has a shape that resembles a bat

Sphenoid

104

Part of the bone that contains collagen, water, and minerals

Matrix

105

Cells that develops into osteoblasts

Osteogenic cells

106

What major division of the skeleton do the pectoral and pelvic girdles belong to

Appendicular