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Physiology-organization Of The Human Body > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (45):
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Movement of a bone around its own axis

Rotation

1

Movement away from the midline of the body

Abduction

2

Palm faces upward or forward

Supination

3

Downward movement of a body part

Depression

4

Movement toward the body midline

Adduction

5

Movement of the mandible or shoulder backward

Retraction

6

Turning the palm so it faces downward or backward

Pronation

7

Upward movement of a body part

Elevation

8

Movement of a distal end of a body part in a circle

Circumduction

9

Beyond the plane of extension

Hyperextension

10

Movement of the sole of the foot inward

Inversion

11

Movement of the foot so the toes point downward

Plantarflexion

12

Arthritis is a form of rheumatism

True

13

Wear and tear arthritis causing deterioration of the articular cartilage is

Osteoarthritis

14

Displacement of a bone from its joint

Dislocation

15

Over stretching the muscle is a

Strain

16

Joint where bones meet
Between bones cartilage and teeth

Articulation

17

No synovial cavity
Bones are held together by connective tissue

Fibrous joints

18

No synovial cavity
Bones are held together by cartilage

Cartilaginous joints

19

Have a joint cavity
Bones held together by ligaments

Synovial joint

20

Immovable joint

Synarthrosis

21

Slightly moveable

Amphiarthrosis

22

Freely moveable

Disrthrosis

23

Slightly moveable joint

Amphiarthrotic

24

Sutured between skull bones are examples of

Synarthrotic

25

Freely moveable joint

Diarthrotic

26

Discs between vertebrae are examples of

Amphiarthrotic

27

Attachment of a tooth to its socket in the mandible or maxilla

Synarthrotic

28

Immovable joint

Synarthrotic

29

More mobile than a suture but less mobile than a joint like a elbow

Amphiarthrotic

30

The symphysis pubis is an example of

Amphiarthrotic

31

The distal end of the tibia/fibula is an example

Amphiarthrotic

32

The Epiphysial plate I'm growing bone Is an example of

Synarthrotic

33

Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of articulating bones

Articular cartilage

34

Lubricates the joints and nourishes the cartilage

Synovial fluid

35

Inner layer of the articular capsule that produces synovial fluid

Synovial membrane

36

Pad of cartilage to help stabilize the joint

Meniscus

37

Together these form the articular capsule

Synovial membrane
Fibrous capsule

38

Fluid filled sac that cushions movements

Bursa

39

The joint allowing for the greatest degree of movement

Ball and socket

40

Flat surfaces of the carpals or tarsals move across each other

Gliding

41

The joint at the wrist between the raids and carpals

Condyloid

42

Moves in a single plane at the knee or elbow

Hinge

43

Joint between the carpals and metacarpals of the thumb

Saddle

44

The rounded head of the radius moves within the radial notch of the ulna

Pivot