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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (49):
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1st amendment

Religious and political freedom

1

2nd Amendment

Right to bear arms

2

3rd Amendment

Quartering troops

3

4th Amendment

Search and seizure

4

5th Amendment

Rights of accused persons

5

6th Amendment

Right to a speedy public trial

6

7th Amendment

Trial by jury in civil cases

7

8th Amendment

Limits of fines and punishments

8

9th Amendment

Rights of people

9

10th Amendment

Power of states and people

10

Judiciary act of 1789

Sets up the court system

11

1789 constitution

Ratified

12

Department of state

Deal with foreign affairs

13

Department of war

Handle military matters

14

Department of treasury

Manage finances

15

Who did Washington choose to run the Secretary of State and secretary of treasure?

State- Thomas Jefferson
Treasury- Alexander Hamilton

16

Henry Knox

Secretary of war
Washing tons general of artillery during revolution

17

Edmund Randolph

Attorney general
Chief lawyer of federal government

18

Who became presidents chief advisors or cabinet

Thomas Jefferson
Alexander Hamilton
Henry Knox
Edmund Randolph

19

What did Hamilton stand for?

Fear of mob rule
Loose interpretation of the constitution
Economy based on shipping and manufacturing
Supporters: merchants, manufacturers, landowners, investors, lawyers, clergy
Concentrating power in federal government

20

What did Jeffersons stand for?

Federalists
Fear of absolute power
Strict on interpretation
Economy based on farming
Supporters: "the plain people" farmers and tradespeople
Sharing power with state and local government limited national government

21

Bank of the U.S.

Issue paper money and handle tax receipts and other government funds

22

Two party system

Two parties
Established by the time Washington left office

23

Protective tariff

Import tax on goods produced in Europe

24

Excise tax

Tax on products manufacture, sale or distribution

25

Whiskey rebellion

Tariff on whiskey

26

What is whiskey made out of

Ground up corn

27

Do we get involved in the French Revolution

No

28

Is jays treaty a good treaty and what is it

Bad treaty
British
Which nation would control territories west of app. Mount
Treaty signed on November 9, 1794
Treaty passed senate but some Americans were angry
British continued fur trade of the American side of the us-Canadian border

29

Is Pickney's treaty a good treaty and what is it

Good treaty
Spain
Spain gave up all claims to land east of the Mississippi (except Florida)
Spain also agreed to open Mississippi River to traffic by Spanish subjects and us citizens and to allow American traders to use the port of New Orleans
More land (wanted port of New Orleans cause farmers for shipping)

30

"XYZ Affair"

French wanted to bribe to have a meeting, we got upset and it put stain on our relationship

31

Alien and sedition acts
What do they do?
Which party benefits?
Is this legal? Explain why or why not.

Made it harder on immigrants to become citizens of America so they cannot vote, if they speak out about the government they can get thrown in jail or kicked out, Federalists make laws so they can get thrown in jail or kicked out, Federalists make laws so they won't loose power, purposely delaying citizenship
Federalists benefit so they can keep their power
This is illegal, supreme courts job to call it illegal and change it

32

"Virginia and Kentucky resolutions"

Void alien and sedition acts in VA & KY

33

Why did Washington step down after two terms

To help people feel like there isn't a king
Roosevelt broke this by serving for four terms

34

Duel between Burr & Hamilton

Burr kills Hamilton
Burr charged with murder and flees to Europe then later returns to New York to practice law

35

Marshall court

John Marshall-Chief Justice

36

Marbury vs Madison (1803)

Establish judicial review (ability of the Supreme Court to declare an act of congress unconstitutional)

37

What is the most important thing that Jefferson does as president

Louisiana purchase

38

Who did we buy the Louisiana purchase from

France
Napoleon

39

How much money did we buy the Louisiana purchase for

15 million

40

What did the Louisiana purchase do to the size of the us?

More than doubled

41

What are its east and west boundaries (Louisiana purchase)

Mississippi River -east
Rocky Mountains -west

42

Who explored it? (Louisiana purchase)
Route and journey explained

Meriwether lewis -leaders
William Clark -second in command
50 soldiers and woods men's
Sacajawea -interpreter and guide
Leave from st Lewis travel up Columbia river go all the way to the pacific (Washington state)
2 years and 4 months

43

War of 1812

Fight the British again
Ends in 1814
Biggest battle fought in 1815 two weeks after war ended
(Battle of New Orleans)

44

War of 1812
Who did we fight
Why did we fight
Years of the war

British
The practice of seizing Americans at sea and "impressing" or drafting them into the British navy, Chesapeake incident- British warship demanded to board and search the ship, us captain refused and Britain opened fire killing three Americans and wounding eighteen
1812-1814

45

War of 1812
Where were most battles fought
What was the most impenitent battle
What did we gain
What 2 vets later became president

Great Lakes
Battle of New Orleans
We gained pride, nationalism
William Henry Harrison & Andrew Jackson

46

What song did we get from the War of 1812

Star spangled banner

47

War hawks

Group of young congressmen from the south and west who wanted war

48

Who led the war hawks

John C Calhoun
Henry Clay