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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (15):

How did the souths economy change after the civil war? What factors limited its growth?

Continued to lag
First had to repair from war damages
Industry: natural resources, labor and capital investment (only had NR)
Needed well trained and productive workers as well as consumers who spent money
Lacked technical and engineering schools that could have trained workers
Attempt to become industrialized but doesn't work


Farmers alliance

Connected farmers in south and west that had problems with
Railroad expenses
Regulate bank interest
Trying to convince the government to help


What happened to rights of southern blacks? Did Supreme Court help?

Had rights on paper but when Supreme Court left it up to states they had no rights



Americans wanted a railroad that crossed the continent, government set aside specific areas for the Indians use, could no longer roam the plains, faced with poverty


Sand creek massacre

Spawned another round of warfare as plains Indians joined forces to repel white settlement


Little big horn

Cluster rushed ahead of the U.S. Cavalry and arrived a day ahead, 250 of his men ran into 2,000 Indians, crazy horse led the charge and killed cluster and all of his men


Wounded knee

In an effort to stop religious revival at Ghost Dance the government ordered an arrest, hostilities broke out and the cavalry outgunned the Indians, more than 100 people died



Into natural life, adopting the culture and civilization of whites, Policy hoped that as buffalo went extinct this would happen


Helen Hunt Jackson

Publicized NA problems
Criticized the U.S. governments history of shattered treaties
Wrote novel Ramona-helped build sympathy for NA


Dawes General Allotment Act

Replaced reservation system with allotment
(Family granted 160-acres, size based on how much needed to support the family)


Nez Perce

Led by "Chief Joseph"
100 days = 1700 miles


Transcontinental railroad

Union Pacific
Central Pacific
Government payed the companies in land
Omahaw and California met in promontory, Utah


Open range cattle forming

Not fenced in
Cattle from any range grazed freely
Short lived but highly profitable



Planted crops and founded several enduring all back towns
Lived in sod homes
Left the south
Promise land is in Kansas and Oklahoma


Homestead act

Live for five years, dig a well and build a road
160 acres of farm plot
Offered by gov