Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (26):
1

Stage model of memory

A sequence of memory three stages sensory memory short-term memory and long-term memory

2

Levels of processing framework

Memory recall of stimuli as a function of the depth of mental processing. Stronger the memory traces the deeper it is

3

Semantic network model

A network that represents Lucians between concepts. Web branching off into different things

4

Serial position effect

The tendency of a person to recall the first and last items in a series best and middle ones the worst

5

Encoding specificity

Easier to remember if in a similar situation to what you learned it

6

Context effect

Anything in the environment could be a retrieval cue

7

Source memory

Memories are triggered by contextual information

8

Decay theory

New memories develop and dump at older ones if they are not being used

9

Inference theory

New memory takes over old and old takes over new

10

Long-term potentiation

Persistent strengthening of synapses based on recent patterns of activity

11

Dementia

Decline of memory that interferes with daily functioning in signal transmission between two neurons

12

Schema

Folders that store information based on its relationship to other information

13

Script

The skimmer for an event understanding of what we should counter in different situations

14

Retrieval

Re-accessing of events or information from the past currently stored

15

Memory

A mental process that enables us to acquire retain and retrieve information

16

Encoding

Creating a new memory allows the perceived item to be converted

17

Storage

Stored memories in the brain

18

Mood congruence

And encoding specificity in which a given mood tends to evoke memories that are consistent with that mood

19

Flashbulb memory

The recall a very specific images or details surrounding a vivid rare or significant personal event

20

Semantic memory

Data or facts

21

Episodic memory

Episodes of your life

22

Retroactive interference

New memory takes over old

23

Proactive interference

Old memory takes over new

24

Suppression

Consciously choosing to forget something

25

Repression

Unconsciously forgetting something

26

Loftus

Misinformation effect