Chapter 6 - Gender Identity, Gender Roles, and Gender Differences Flashcards Preview

Human Sexuality > Chapter 6 - Gender Identity, Gender Roles, and Gender Differences > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Gender Identity, Gender Roles, and Gender Differences Deck (40):
1

Gender

The psychological stat or being female or being male, as influenced by cultural concepts of gender-appropriate behavior. Compare and contrast the concept of gender with anatomic sex, which is based on the physical differences between males and females.

2

Sexual Differentiation

The process by which males and females develop distinct reproductive anatomy.

3

Chromosome

One of the rodlike structures found in the nucleus of every living cell that carries the genetic code in the form of genes.

4

Embryo

The stage of prenatal development that begins with implantation of a fertilized ovum in the uterus and concludes with development of the major organ systems at about two months after conception.

5

Inguinal Canal

A fetal canal that connects the scrotum and the testes, allowing their descent.

6

Cryptochidism

The condition defined by undescended testes.

7

Klinefelter Syndrome

A sex-chromosomal disorder cause by an extra X sex chromosome.

8

Turner Syndrome

A genetically determined condition associated with the presence of only one complete X chromosome and with characteristics including usually infertile ovaries, absence of menstruation, and short stature.

9

Gender Identity

One's belief that one is male or female.

10

Sex Assignment

The labeling of a newborn as a male or female. Also termed gender assignment.

11

Intersexual

A person who possesses the gonads of one anatomic sex but external genitalia that are ambiguous or typical of the other anatomic sex. Also termed pseudohermaphrodite.

12

Hermaphrodite

A person who possesses both ovarian and testicular tissue.

13

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

A form of intersexualism in which a genetic female has internal female sexual structures but masculinized external glands.

14

Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome

A form of intersexualism in which a genetic male is prenatally insensitive to androgens such that his genitals are not normally masculinized.

15

Dominican Republic Syndrome

A form of intersexualism in which a genetic enzyme disorder prevents testosterone from masculinizing the external genitalia.

16

Transgenderism

A condition in which people strongly desire to be of the other anatomic sex and live the gender roles of the other anatomic sex.

17

Homosexual Transgendered Men

Extremely feminine gay males who seek gender reassignment.

18

Autogynephilic

Descriptive of transgendered men who are sexually stimulated by fantasies that their own bodies are female.

19

Phalloplasty

The surgical creation of an artificial penis.

20

Stereotype

A fixed, conventional idea about a group of people.

21

Gender Roles

Complex clusters of behavioral expectations for males and females.

22

Sexism

The prejudgement that, because of his or her sex, a person will possess negative traits.

23

Identification

In psychoanalytic theory, the process of incorporating within ourselves our perceptions of the behaviors, thoughts, and feelings of others.

24

Oedipus Complex

According to psychoanalytic theory, a conflict of the phallic stage in which the boy wishes to possess his mother sexually and perceives his father as a rival in love.

25

Socialization

The process of guiding people into socially acceptable behavior patterns by means of information, rewards, and punishments.

26

Schema

Concept; way of interpreting experience of processing information.

27

Gender Stability

The concept that people retain their genders for a lifetime.

28

Gender Constancy

The concept that people's genders do not change, even if they alter their dress or change their behavior.

29

Gender Schema

A cluster of mental representations about male and female physical qualities, behaviors, and personality traits.

30

Psychological Androgyny

A state characterized by possession of both stereotypical masculine traits and stereotypical feminine traits.

31

Mullerian inhibiting substance prevents the Mullerian ducts from developing into
a) the female duct system.
b) the male duct system.
c) interstitial cells.
d) external genital glands.

a) the female duct system.

32

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is caused by excessive levels of
a) androgens.
b) estradiol.
c) pheromones.
d) Mullerian inhibiting substance.

a) androgens.

33

Trangendered people are most likely to have
a) an extra X chromosome.
b) androgen insensitivity syndrome.
c) aggressive tendencies.
d) gender dysphoria.

d) gender dysphoria.

34

The masculine gender-role stereotype is seen as all of the following except
a) sensitive.
b) tough.
c) protective.
d) gentlemanly.

a) sensitive.

35

Which gender difference is supported by evidence?
a) Males are better writers.
b) Females are better in math and science.
c) Females are more aggressive.
d) Males have more reading problems.

d) Males have more reading problems.

36

According to sexual strategies theory,
a) women choose the best-looking men.
b) only humans have long term mates.
c) men are more interested in short-term sexual variety.
d) women seek sex without commitment.

c) men are more interested in short-term sexual variety.

37

According to Kohlberg, gender ______ develops last.
a) stability
b) identity
c) exclusivity
d) constancy

d) constancy

38

The concept of the third gender challenges
a) feminist theory.
b) queer theory.
c) heteronormativity.
d) transgender activism.

c) heteronormativity.

39

Research shows that following sex reassignment, most male-to-female transsexuals
a) are orgasmic during sexual intercourse.
b) regret their decision to have the operation.
c) develop psychological disorders they did not show evidence of previously.
d) eventually discontinue hormone treatments.

a) are orgasmic during sexual intercourse.

40

The most common form of female intersexualism is
a) Dominican Republic syndrome.
b) congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
c) transgenderism.
d) gender instability.

b) congenital adrenal hyperplasia.