Chapter 6 - Long-Term Memory: Structure Flashcards Preview

Psychology303 > Chapter 6 - Long-Term Memory: Structure > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Long-Term Memory: Structure Deck (20):

long-term memory (LTM)

the system that is responsible for storing information for long periods of time.


serial position curve

In a memory experiment in which participants are asked to recall a list of words, a plot of the percentage of participants remembering each word against the position of the word in the list.


primacy effect

in a memory experiment in which a list of words is presented, enhanced memory for words presented at the beginning of the list.


recency effect

in a memory experiment in which a list of words is presented, enhanced memory for words presented at the end of the list.



refers to the form in which stimuli are represented in the mind.

EX: information can be represented in visual, semantic, and phonological forms.


release from proactive interference

a situation in which conditions occur that eliminate or reduce the decrease in performance caused by proactive interference.


recognition memory

the identification of a stimulus that was encountered earlier.



a subcortical structure that is important for forming long-term memories, and that also plays a role in remote episodic memories and in short-term storage of novel information.


mental time travel

the experience of traveling back in time to reconnect with events that happened in the past.


autobiographical memory

memory for specific experiences from our life, which can include both episodic and semantic components.


personal semantic memories

semantic components of autobiographical memories.


remember/know procedure

a procedure in which subjects are presented with a stimulus they have encountered before and are asked to indicate REMEMBER, if they remember the circumstances under which they initially encounter it or KNOW, if the stimulus seems familiar but they don't remember experiencing it earlier.


semanticization of remote memories

loss of episodic detail for memories of long-ago events.


explicit memories

memories we are aware of.

memory that involves conscious recollection of events or facts that we have learned in the past.


implicit memories

memories we are not aware of.

memory that occurs when an experience affects a person's behavior, even thou the person is not aware that he or she has had the experience.


procedural memory/skill memory

memory for how to carry out highly practiced skills.

a type of implicit memory because although people can carry out a skilled behavior, they often cannot explain exactly how they are able to do so.



occurs when the presentation of one stimulus (the priming stimulus) changes the way a person responds to another stimulus (the test stimulus)


repetition priming

occurs when the test stimulus is the same as or resembles the priming stimulus.


propoganda effect

when people are more likely to rate statements they have read or heard before as being true, just because of prior exposure to the statements.


classical conditioning

occurs when the following two stimuli are paired: (1) a neutral stimulus that initially does not result in a response and (2) a conditioning stimulus that does result in a response

EX: Pavlov's dog