Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

Human Growth & Development > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (20):
1

Early psychologists like Watson viewed _____ as “all powerful” concerning the development of a child.
Answer

parents

peers

teachers

siblings

parents

2

The two main dimensions of parental behavior are
Answer

dominance and counterimitation.

counterimitation and warmth.

warmth and control.

control and dominance.

warmth and control

3

Dick and Wendy want their children to work hard. They have rules and expect their children to obey them without question. Dick and Wendy are most likely _____ parents.
Answer

uninvolved

authoritarian

authoritative

permissive

authoritarian

4

Sally and Dan are quick to express affection toward their son, Zach, and accept most all of his behavior. In fact, Zach has never once been punished. Sally and Dan are exhibiting an _____ style of parenting.
Answer

authoritative

authoritarian

uninvolved

permissive

permissive

5

Which parenting style is best characterized as “indifferent?”
Answer

authoritarian

authoritative

permissive

uninvolved

uninvolved

6

Simon spanks his son Paul in order to get him to stop acting aggressively. Which outcome is least likely in the long term?
Answer

Paul will become fearful of Simon.

Paul will become more aggressive.

Paul will stop being aggressive.

Paul will not internalize the social rules concerning aggressive behavior

paul will stop being aggressive

7

When Esther misbehaves, her mother makes her go sit by herself in a small, quiet, unstimulating area of the house. Esther's mother is probably using
Answer

direct instruction.

socialization.

time-out.

an indifferent parenting style.

time-out

8

Which best describes the relationship between parenting styles and children’s temperaments?
Answer

Parenting styles cause temperaments.

Parenting styles may develop as the result of temperament.

Temperaments develop as the result of parenting styles.

Temperament and parenting styles are unrelated.

parenting styles may develop as a result of temperament

9

Priscilla is pregnant. She and her husband Elvis have very high expectations for this child and will be more affectionate, but also more punitive, toward this child than they will toward any other. This is most likely this couple’s _____ baby

first

10

As the third child born in his family, Fletcher should expect that his parents will _____ than they did with his oldest sibling.
Answer

use stiffer disciplinary methods

set higher academic goals

be more affectionate

set more realistic expectations

set more realistic expectations

11

Which child is most likely to succeed academically and go to college?
Answer

Teri, who is first born

Martha, who is second born

Dorothy, who is third born

Vanessa, who is the youngest child

Teri, who is first born

12

Which is true of only children relative to children with siblings?
Answer

They are more likely to be “spoiled brats.”

They are more selfish.

They are more egotistical.

They are more autonomous and mature.

they are more autonomous and mature

13

Brooke’s family consists of her biological mother, biological sister, and stepfather. This kind of unit is known as
Answer

a clique.

a negative reinforcement trap.

a blended family.

joint custody.

a blended family

14

What is one thing divorcing parents can do to limit the negative impact of the divorce on their children?
Answer

Expect the children to be happy and stay away from talking about negative feelings related to the divorce.

Ask the children to help with parental disagreements.

Explain to the children why they are divorcing.

Be sure to argue in front of the children.

explain to the children why they are divorcing

15

Marcia’s parents frequently tell her she is “an idiot” and often make her look foolish in front of her friends. This sort of abuse would best be described as
Answer

psychological.

physical.

socialization.

neglect.

psychological

16

Authorities will sometimes find children near death due to the fact that their parents have not fed them or protected them from environmental conditions such as the weather. These children are most accurately labeled as victims of
Answer

physical abuse.

neglect.

psychological abuse.

negative reinforcement trap.

neglect

17

By far the most frequent sort of child abuse would be categorized as
Answer

neglect.

sexual.

physical.

psychological.

neglect

18

Which social condition appear to foster maltreatment of children?
Answer

Fragile-X syndrome

poverty

alcoholism

ADHD

poverty

19

Which would likely lead to a significant drop in the incidence of physical child abuse?
Answer

having the entire world adopt an attitude toward child-rearing like that seen in the United States

wipe out poverty

eliminate government intervention into parenting issues

encourage parents to adopt an authoritarian style

wipe out poverty

20

The fact that friends spend a lot of time discussing personal problems is referred to as
Answer

co-rumination.

ego-resilience.

dominancy hierarchy.

the negative reinforcement trap.

co-rumination