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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Moral Development Deck (32):
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conduct that is coerced by rules or restraint

Morality of Constraint

1

conduct that is regulated by mutual respect and consent

Morality of Cooperation

2

judgments based solely on the consequences of wrongdoing

Objective Judgments

3

judgments that take into account intentions or motives

Subjective Judgments

4

the earlier of Piaget's two stages of moral development, in which individuals slavishly follow the rules they are given

Moral Realism

5

the latter of Piaget's two stages of moral development, in which individuals make their own moral judgments rather than blindly following the rules

Moral Relativism

6

the child's belief that immoral behavior inevitably brings pain or punishment as a natural consequence of the transgression

Immanent Justice

7

according to Kohlberg, the first level of development of moral thought, based on reward and punishment

Preconventional Moral Reasoning

8

the more primitive level of preconventional moral reasoning in which one acts so as to avoid negative consequences

Punishment Orientation

9

the more advanced of the two preconventional moral reasoning levels, in which one acts so as to gain a future reward

Instrumental Hedonism Orientation

10

according to Kohlberg, the second level of development of moral thought, based on the desire to conform to social convention

Conventional Moral Reasoning

11

the first of the two levels of conventional moral reasoning, in which one acts so as to win others approval

Good Girl-Good Boy Orientation

12

the more advanced of the two levels of conventional moral reasoning, in which one unquestioningly obeys society's rules and laws

Law and Order Orientation

13

according to Kohlberg, the third level of development of moral thought, based on adherence to to universal principles

Postconventional Moral Reasoning

14

the type of postconventional moral reasoning in which one believes that individual actions should serve the greater good

Social Contract Orientation

15

the highest form of moral reasoning, in which one acts according to his or her abstract moral principles

Universal Principled Reasoning

16

the ability to think about one's own thought processes

Metacognition

17

an approach to moral development that stresses the contextual nature of moral decisions and distinguishes social conventions from moral rules

Social-Cognitive Domain Model

18

social rules that are concerned with how people behave towar done another

Moral Rules

19

social rules that dictate what is appropriate and expected

Social Conventions

20

aspects of behavior that involve independent choices with which others have no right to interfere

Personal Preferences

21

actions that benefit, help, and bolster others

Prosocial Behavior

22

the ability to stand up for one's values, especially those concerning fairness

Moral Courage

23

the resources available to an individual through his or her interpersonal connections

Social Capital

24

the activation of neural pathways so that ambiguous or neutral stimuli are perceived as similar to what has been previously perceived

Cognitive Priming

25

the right to be protected by adults and societal institutions

Nurturance Rights

26

the right to have one's own own opinions and make one's own decisions

Self-Determination

27

an approach to moral education that teaches students to accept specific moral values, such as honesty and trustworthiness

Inculcation

28

an approach to moral education that uses moral dilemmas and the like to give youths experience in higher-level reasoning

Moral Development

29

a method of teaching values that helps students become aware of their own beliefs and values

Values Clarifications

30

an approach to moral education that emphasizes community service

Service Learning

31

an approach to moral education that emphasizes using logical reasoning to solve social dilemmas

Analysis