Chapter 7 Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Part 2 Deck (69)
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1

What are the salivary gland tumors?

Pleomorphic adenoma
Monomorphic adenoma
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (cylindroma)
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma

2

Where are tumors of the minor salivary gland more common?

Upper lip

3

Pleomorphic

Many shapes

4

Oma

Tumor

5

Aden

Salivary

6

Where may salivary gland tumors arise?

Major or minor salivary glands

7

Where are minor salivary gland tumors most often located?

The junction of the hard and soft palate

8

Which tumor makes up 90% of all salivary gland tumors?

Pleomorphic adenoma (benign mixed tumor)

9

What is a pleomorphic adenoma (benign mixed tumor)?

A benign salivary gland tumor

10

Where is the most common extraoral location of the pleomorphic adenoma?

Parotid gland

11

Where is the most common intraoral location of the pleomorphic adenoma?

The palate

12

Which lesions have been known to undergo malignant transformation?

Pleomorphic adenoma

13

What does the pleomorphic adenoma look like clinically and what’s the treatment?

Slowly enlarging, nonulcerated, painless, dome shaped mass
Treatment is surgical excision and recurrence is rare

14

What is a monomorphic adenoma (warthin tumor)?

A benign encapsulated salivary gland tumor that has lymphoid tissue and a uniform pattern of epithelial cells

15

Where and in who does the monomorphic adenoma most occur?

In females and on the upper lip and buccal mucosa (rarely intraorally)

16

Treatment of the monomorphic adenoma

Surgical excision

17

What is a mucoepidermal carcinoma?

A malignant salivary gland tumor

18

Where are major mucoepidermal carcinomas most often found majorly and minorly?

Major - parotid gland
Minor- palate

19

What does a mucoepidermoid carcinoma look like clinically?

Slow enlarging masses

20

Malignant

Cancer

21

Carcinoma

Epithelial tissue

22

Who does the mucoepidermoid carcinoma occur in?

Usually adult females but most common malignant salivary gland tumor in children

23

Treatment of mucoepidermoid carcinoma

Surgical excision

24

What is an adenoid cystic carcinoma (cylindroma)?

A slow growing malignant tumor of either major or minor salivary gland tissue that may be ulcerated and painful

25

Most common site of the adenoid cystic carcinoma?

Parotid gland

26

Adenoid cystic carcinoma resembles what microscopically?

Swiss cheese

27

Treatment of adenoid cystic carcinoma

Surgical excision

28

What are the odontogenic tumors?

Epithelial odontogenic tumors
Mesenchymal odontogenic tumors
Mixed odontogenic tumors
Peripheral odontogenic tumors

29

What are odontogenic tumors?

Derived from tooth forming structured. May be composed of epithelium, mesenchyme, or both.

30

Most odontogenic tumors are what?

Benign