Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (31):
1

AFL-CIO

Merged unions, which have increased membership by recruiting outside basic industry. (Ex: education, gov't, white-collar professions, service jobs)

2

ADA - Americans with Disabilities

Protects the rights of people with disabilities to obtain gainful employment. Forbids employers from discrimination

3

BFOQs - Bona fide occupational qualifications

Job specifications to which civil rights laws do not apply (no BFOQs for race, color or sex)

4

Card Check

A way for workers to form a union - by signing up to join it

5

Corporate Campaign

Unions enlist the cooperation of a company's creditors to pressure the company to allow its employees to unionize or comply with other union demands

6

Direct Strike

Cessation of work by employees with the same industrial grievance. May be justified when there is just cause and proper authorization, and when it is called as a last resort.

7

Due Process

Fairness of the procedures an org uses to impose sanctions on employees

8

Employment at will

Either side is free to terminate at any time without advance notice or reason

9

Firing

For-cause dismissal -result of theft, insubordination, release of proprietary info.

10

Inbreeding

Practice of promoting exclusively from within firm

11

Job Description

List of pertinent details about content of job (duties, responsibilities, phys. requirements)

12

Job Screening

Ensures a pool of competent candidates & guarantees that everyone has been dealt with fairly. When done improperly, undermines effective recruitment and invites injustices

13

Job Specification

Qualifications employee needs (skills, background, education, experience)

14

Just Cause

Requires that reasons for discipline or discharge deal directly with job performance

15

Layoff

Temporary unemployment experienced by hourly employees and implies they are subject to recall.

16

Living Wage

Amount of money a full time employee needs to afford necessities of life, support of family and live above poverty line

17

National Labor Relations Act - AKA Wagner Act

(Most important labor law) guarantees employees the right to organize and join unions and to bargain collectively through reps of their own choosing. Prohibits employers from interfering with employees trying to organize unions

18

Nepotism

Showing favoritism to relatives and close friends

19

Open-shop laws

Prohibit union contracts requiring all employees on a job site to either join the union or pay equivalent of union dues, once hired.

20

Position elimination

Designates the permanent elimination of a job as a result of workforce reduction, plant closing, or departmental consolidation

21

Primary boycott

Occurs when union members and their supporters refuse to buy products from a company being struck.

22

Right-to-work state

22 states, mostly with the south and west

23

Secondary boycott

Occurs when ppl refuse to patronize companies that handle products of struck companies. (Sympathetic strike)

24

Seniority

Longevity on a job or with a firm

25

Situational Interview

Engage in role playing. Predicts future job performance more accurately

26

Sympathetic Strike

More controversial. occurs when workers who have no particular grievance of their own and who may or may not have the same employer decide to strike in support of others.

27

Taft-Hartley Act

Amended NLR act. Outlawed the closed shop(requirement that a person must be a union member before being hired). Permitted individ. states to outlaw the union shop (requirement that a person must join the union within a specified time after being hired.) Also prohibits unfair labor practices like sympathetic strikes and secondary boycotts

28

Termination

Employee's poor performance - from failure to fulfill expectations

29

Test Reliability

Whether test results are replicable (whether a subject's scores will remain relatively consistent test to test)

30

Test Validity

Whether test scores correlate with performance in some other activity (whether test measures skill or ability intended)

31

Wagner Act

AKA National Labor Relations Act