Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (31):
Merged unions, which have increased membership by recruiting outside basic industry. (Ex: education, gov't, white-collar professions, service jobs)
ADA - Americans with Disabilities
Protects the rights of people with disabilities to obtain gainful employment. Forbids employers from discrimination
BFOQs - Bona fide occupational qualifications
Job specifications to which civil rights laws do not apply (no BFOQs for race, color or sex)
A way for workers to form a union - by signing up to join it
Unions enlist the cooperation of a company's creditors to pressure the company to allow its employees to unionize or comply with other union demands
Cessation of work by employees with the same industrial grievance. May be justified when there is just cause and proper authorization, and when it is called as a last resort.
Fairness of the procedures an org uses to impose sanctions on employees
Employment at will
Either side is free to terminate at any time without advance notice or reason
For-cause dismissal -result of theft, insubordination, release of proprietary info.
Practice of promoting exclusively from within firm
List of pertinent details about content of job (duties, responsibilities, phys. requirements)
Ensures a pool of competent candidates & guarantees that everyone has been dealt with fairly. When done improperly, undermines effective recruitment and invites injustices
Qualifications employee needs (skills, background, education, experience)
Requires that reasons for discipline or discharge deal directly with job performance
Temporary unemployment experienced by hourly employees and implies they are subject to recall.
Amount of money a full time employee needs to afford necessities of life, support of family and live above poverty line
National Labor Relations Act - AKA Wagner Act
(Most important labor law) guarantees employees the right to organize and join unions and to bargain collectively through reps of their own choosing. Prohibits employers from interfering with employees trying to organize unions
Showing favoritism to relatives and close friends
Prohibit union contracts requiring all employees on a job site to either join the union or pay equivalent of union dues, once hired.
Designates the permanent elimination of a job as a result of workforce reduction, plant closing, or departmental consolidation
Occurs when union members and their supporters refuse to buy products from a company being struck.
22 states, mostly with the south and west
Occurs when ppl refuse to patronize companies that handle products of struck companies. (Sympathetic strike)
Longevity on a job or with a firm
Engage in role playing. Predicts future job performance more accurately
More controversial. occurs when workers who have no particular grievance of their own and who may or may not have the same employer decide to strike in support of others.
Amended NLR act. Outlawed the closed shop(requirement that a person must be a union member before being hired). Permitted individ. states to outlaw the union shop (requirement that a person must join the union within a specified time after being hired.) Also prohibits unfair labor practices like sympathetic strikes and secondary boycotts
Employee's poor performance - from failure to fulfill expectations
Whether test results are replicable (whether a subject's scores will remain relatively consistent test to test)
Whether test scores correlate with performance in some other activity (whether test measures skill or ability intended)