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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (56)
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1

What rope is designed exclusively for rescue and other emergency operations?

life safety rope

2

What is life safety rope used for?

to raise, lower, and support people at an incident or during training

3

What is NFPA 1983?

NFPA 1983, Standard on Life Safety Rope and Equipment for Emergency Services

4

What rope is designed for any use except rescue?

utility rope

5

What is utility rope used for?

to hoist equipment, secure unstable objects, or cordon off an area

6

What is a single use rope intended for emergency self-rescue situations? This rope is designed to carry the weight of only one person and must be destroyed after its use

escape rope

7

What is a method of manufacturing rope without any knots or splices? A continuous strand of fiber runs the entire length of the rope's core

block creel construction

8

What is a dynamic, sudden load placed on a rope? (typically during a fall)

impact load

9

What must be kept for every life safety rope?

rope log

10

What rope loses its strength when it gets wet and rots rapidly?

natural fiber rope

11

What rope is made from continuous, synthetic fibers running the entire length of the rope?

synthetic fiber rope

12

What are synthetic fiber ropes resistant to?

water, mildew, mold, rotting, shrinkage, and UV light

13

What are advantages of synthetic fiber rope?

longer life span than natural fiber rope, strong yet lightweight, easy to maintain

14

What are disadvantages of synthetic fiber rope?

they will melt when exposed to heat

15

What is a utility rope made of manila, sisal, or cotton? (not accepted for life safety applications)

natural fiber rope

16

What are advantages of natural fiber rope?

resistant to sunlight, does not melt when exposed to heat, and holds a knot firmly

17

What are disadvantages of natural fiber rope?

prone to mildew and mold; deteriorates when exposed to chemicals and burns when in contact with ember or flames

18

What are the most common type of rope construction?

kernmantle, laid, braided, and braid-on-braid

19

What rope is the only one used for life safety?

kernmantle

20

What rope consists of a protective shield (mantle) over the load-bearing core strands (kern)?

kernmantle rope

21

What rope is designed to stretch under load, reducing the shock of impact after a fall?

dynamic rope

22

What rope is designed not to stretch under load?

static rope

23

What are the two types of kernmantle rope?

dynamic (high-stretch) and static (low-stretch)

24

What rope is constructed by twisting several groups of individual strands together?

laid rope

25

What is a disadvantage of laid rope?

susceptible to abrasion and other physical damage

26

What rope is constructed by uniformly intertwining strands of rope together?

braided rope

27

What rope consists of a braided core enclosed in a braided herringbone patterned sheath?

braid-on-braid rope

28

Why is braid-on-braid rope sometimes confused with kern mantle?

bc both are jacketed

29

What is a disadvantage of braid-on-braid rope?

doesn't resist abrasion as well as kernmantle; sheath may slide along the inner core of the rope

30

How do you inspect laid rope?

by untwisting it so that all sides of each strand can be inspectd

31

What is a device used for creating anchors and lashings or for packaging patients and rescuers? This is typically constructed from the same material as synthetic rope

webbing

32

What are the two types of webbing?

flat and tubular

33

What is the most common webbing for rescue applications?

tubular webbing

34

What is a belt with a hook that secures FF to the ladder?

ladder belt

35

What webbing/rope is regulated by a standard? (NFPA 1983)

life safety

36

What is a term used for tying a rope around itself?

knot

37

What is the end of the rope used to tie a knot? also known as bitter end or loose end

working end

38

What is the free end of the rope used for hoisting, pulling, or belaying?

running part

39

What is the middle of the rope between the working end and running end?

standing part

40

What is a supplemental knot tied to prevent the primary knot from falling? This prevents the running end of the rope from slipping back through the primary knot

overhand safety knot

41

What is a temporary knot that falls apart if the object held by the rope is removed? This loop secures the rope but is not part of a standard rope knot

hitch

42

What are the names for the bends that a rope undergoes when tying a knot or hitch?

bight, loop, or round turn

43

What knot is used to form a loop? It is easy to tie and untie and does not constrict.

bowline knot

44

What knot is typically used to stabilize long objects that are being hoisted? This is always used in conjunction with another knot

half-hitch

45

What knot consists of two half-hitches? Its principals is to attach a rope to an object such as a pole, post, or hose

clove hitch

46

What knot is tied in a bight with two adjustable loops in opposing directions? This is used during rescue to secure hands and feet so that the victim can be dragged out

handcuff knot

47

What figure eight knot is used primarily on life safety rope to tie ropes of equal diameter together?

figure eight bend

48

What figure eight knot is a good way to tie a closed loop?

figure eight on a bight

49

What figure eight knot is used for securing objects?

figure eight follow through

50

What knot is used for joining two ropes? Particularly suited for joining ropes of unequal diameter or joining a rope and a chain

becket bend

51

What is the preferred knot for joining two pieces of webbing?

water knot

52

How much webbing should be left for the tail of a water knot?

at least 3"

53

What is a non-load bearing rope attached to a hoisted object to help steer it in a desired direction preventing it from spinning or snagging on obstructions? Can also act as a safety line

tag line

54

What is an advantage created when levers pulleys and tools are used to make work easier during rope rescue or while lifting heavy objects?

mechanical advantage

55

What rope and knot is used when controlling zone perimeter? This knot is used to tie the rope to trees, sign posts, or other stationary objects

utility rope; clove hitch with a half-hitch overhand safety knot

56

What is used to help search teams working in dark, smoke-filled or confined spaces? This allows team members to remain in contact with each other and with FF at the line's entry point.

search lines