Chapter 8 - Changing Places - Complete Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Changing Places - Complete Deck (44)
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1

Define an insider?

Is someone who is familiar with a place and who feels welcome in that place.

2

Define an outsider?

Is someone who feels unwelcome or excluded from a place.

3

Define experienced place?

Are places that people have spent time in.

When a person visits or lives in a place their experiences shape their sense of that place.

4

Define media place?

Are places that people have not been to, but have created a sense of place for through their depiction in media.

5

Define near place?

Geographically near to where a person lives.

6

Define far place?

Geographically far to where a person lives.

7

Define endogenous?

The internal factors which shape a place's character.

These can be physical or human.

8

Define exogenous?

The external factors which shape a place's character.

Including the relationship to other places and the flows in and out of a place.

9

Name the 3 ENDOGENOUS PHYSICAL factors that influence a place?

- Location
- Topography
- Physical geography

10

Name the 3 ENDOGENOUS HUMAN factors that influence a place?

- Land use
- Built environment and infrastructure
- Demographic and economic characteristics

11

Define LOCATION for ENDOGENOUS PHYSICAL factors that influence a place?

Refers to where a place is (coast, inland, rural, urban)

Its features due to its location (beach, river, big city, farmland)

12

Define TOPOGRAPHY for ENDOGENOUS PHYSICAL that influences a place?

Refers to the shape of the landscape (flat, mountainous, steep slopes)

Flatland used for large-scale arable farming (crops)
Mountainous land suitable for pastoral farming (grazing animals)

13

Define PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY for ENDOGENOUS PHYSICAL factors that influence a place?

Refers to environmental features (Altitude, aspect, soil & rock type)

Igneous, sedimentary or metamorphic rocks form different landscapes.

14

Define LAND USE for ENDOGENOUS HUMAN factors that influence a place?

Refers to human activities that occur on the land (Farming, industry, leisure, residential use)

Rural for farming
Urban for businesses
The built environment, high-density buildings
Landuse over time

15

Define BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND INFRASTRUCTURE for ENDOGENOUS HUMAN factors that influence a place?

Refers to aspects of places that are built by humans (transport, communications, services)

Roads, phone networks, airport, buildings, leisure centres, public buildings city centres, sports grounds, sewers, churches.

16

Define DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS for ENDOGENOUS HUMAN factors that influence a place?

Who lives in a place, what they're like (age, gender, education level, religion, birth rates, ethnicity, population size)

Work, money, income, employment.
Older people go to the seaside.
Younger people live in the city for a better connection/education.

17

Name the 4 EXOGENOUS factors that influence a place?

- Location of other places
- Tourism
- Flows of investment
- Migration

18

Define LOCATION OF OTHER PLACES for EXOGENOUS factors that influence a place?

Villages and towns outside major cities are commuter settlements - People live in small villages but commute to large cities for employment.

19

Define TOURISM for EXOGENOUS factors that influence a place?

Land use and economic characteristics of major cities.

Tourism creates hotels, clubs, museums, sports centres.

20

Define FLOWS OF INVESTMENT for EXOGENOUS factors that influence a place?

Companies HQ in one country and factory in another, spreading investment and around the area of the factory - employment at the factory.

21

Define MIGRATION for EXOGENOUS factors that influence a place?

Places have ethnically diverse population - due to migration. Gives places unique demographic characteristics.

Birmingham - 27% Asian descent.

22

Define 4 external flows causing places to change?

- Historically, the character of place changes affected by endogenous factors.
- Original place affected by exogenous factors.
- Flows of people, money, resources - improvements in transport and communication.
- How factors affected demographic or cultural characteristics.

23

Define 3 demographic changes caused by shifting flows?
Flows of:
people
money & investment
ideas & resources

- FLOWS OF PEOPLE (age, gender) migration of people.
- FLOWS OF MONEY & INVESTMENT (governments, businesses) Money attracts people, increase population in certain area.
- FLOWS OF IDEAS & RESOURCES (birth control, population size) spreading awareness of birth control to LICS.

24

Define 2 flows affecting cultural characteristics of a place?
Flows of:
people
money & investment
ideas & resources

- FLOWS OF PEOPLE (people moving homes, visiting places) bring culture and influence places to change.
- FLOWS OF MONEY, INVESTMENT & IDEAS (cultural ideas) fast food in UAS spread to rest of the world (McDonald's, KFC, Starbucks)

25

Define 3 flows affecting economic characteristics of a place?
Flows of:
people
money & investment
ideas & resources

- FLOWS OF PEOPLE (tourist destination) fishing, attractions, beach, buildings, statues. Service-based jobs (Hosptial, restaurant, shops)
- FLOWS OF RESOURCES (local products, natural resources) locally, regionally, global markets, Imports & exports, employment.
- FLOWS OF MONEY & INVESTMENT (pros and cons of economic characteristics) global markets decline, damaged economies.

26

Define 3 flows affecting social inequality?
Flows of:
people
money & investment
ideas & resources

- FLOWS OF PEOPLE (migration rural to urban) people in slums move to cities. Better quality of life, more employment.
- FLOWS OF RESOURCES (outward flow of natural resources) oil extracted and exported around the world. Money goes to wealthy few people, poor people stay poor and bad quality of life.
- FLOWS OF MONEY & INVESTMENT (Gentrification) improved social characteristics, increase inequality. Deprived areas of London not as deprived now.

27

Define 3 government policies driving changes in a place?

- Affect demographic characteristics of a place (control population)
- Affect cultural characteristics (controlling migration)
- Affect demographic, economic and social characteristics (regenerating run-down areas, increase population, re-build houses)

28

Define 4 decisions of transnational corporation driving changes in a place?

- Affect demographic, economic, social characteristics.
- Investment from TNC's economic boost, more jobs created.
- More migrants
- Relocated factories to LICs.

29

Define 2 global institutions driving changes in a place?

- World food programme (WFP) - provides food assistance as emergency aid.
- World Bank - invests in/sets up projects around the world to reduce poverty.

30

Define 2 old & new connections which shape a place?

Old connections - Sea trade, rivers.
New connections - Air travel, Internet