Flashcards in Chapter 8 Definitions Deck (16):
According to the multi-store model of memory, the sensory memory is the store for incoming, fleeting sensory information.
Like the hard-drive in your computer, the information is encoded and stored, and as long as you know enough about the information then it can be retrieved.
The mental capacity for retaining an image, concept or knowledge when the stimuli which created it no longer exists in consciousness. Memory may also refer to the storage system which retains such images/knowledge.
The mental work that is occurring at any one time, including retrieving information, problem-solving, and comprehending sounds and visions. Working memory draws on information from you sensory and long-term memories.
A model of memory storage suggests that memory does not comprise any specific number of separate memory states but instead comprises a continuous dimension in which memory is encoded. It is related to the ease with which it can be retrieved: the deeper the processing of information, the greater the chance it can be retrieved.
The process of putting information into a form which will allow it to fit in with your personal storage system.
Maintaining encoded information in a memory store.
The process of getting information back from long-term memory to be used in working memory.
Auditory memory in the sensory memory register.
A sensory register for the fleeting storage of visual information. It lasts about 0.3 seconds. It explains why we can see a moving picture from a series of still photos.
Duration of memory
Amount of time that information remains in either sensory, short-term or long-term memory.
Capacity of memory
Amount of information which is stored in either sensory, short-term or long-term memory.
The process of grouping items together to improve mental capacity - especially of short-term memory, and of committing to long-term memory.
Difficulties in retrieving information from memory, caused by other material learned either previously (pro-active interference) or subsequently (retro-active interference).
A strategy of keeping information in short-term memory or for moving it into long-term memory by simply repeating information over and over, but not trying to form meaningful connections between the new information and other information which is already in memory.