Key Terms Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Terms Chapter 16 Deck (12):
1

Categorical diagnosis.

Identification of a mental disorder in which the disorder is labelled; this is prone to lead to stereotyping.

2

Dimensional diagnosis.

Identification of a mental disorder in which the disorder is described (especially in terms of severity); this is considered to reduce labelling and stereotyping.

3

Disease.

A condition with a known cause, predictable course and standard protocols for treatment.

4

Disorder.

A set of symptoms that interfere with daily functioning. Symptoms are reasonably consistent among patients but origins/causes may differ.

5

What is the DSM?

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Is a handbook used by clinicians and researchers to identify and classify symptoms of mental disorders.

6

What is the GAF?

Global Assessment of Functioning: a subjective assessment by the psychologist of a patient's level of functioning (expressed as a score out of 100, where 50 is 'normal').

7

What is the ICD?

The International Classification of Diseases.
Has become the international tool for diagnosing most health problems, including both physical and mental illnesses.

8

Multiaxial diagnosis.

The system employed in the DSM-IV-TR of diagnosing conditions according to give axes:
1. Major psychological disorder
2. Mental retardation and personality disorder
3. General medical conditions
4. Psychosocial and environmental problems
5. GAF - Global Assessment of Functioning

9

Neurosis.

A disorder in which a person experiences dysfunctional thinking but realizes that the thinking is not rational.

10

Psychosis.

A disorder in which a person experiences dysfunctional thinking and does not realise that the thinking is not rational - the person has lost touch with reality.

11

Explain Rosenhan's study.

(1973)
- Eight psychologically 'normal' people visited different psychiatric hospitals.
- All were diagnosed with a mental disorder.

New study
- Rosenhan's tells hospitals he would send 'fake' patients.
- Of 193 patients, 41 were suspected of being fake by staff.
- In actual fact all were genuine patients.

12

Syndrome.

A particular profile of symptoms. The origins and clinical severity may vary (Eg. Dyslexia).