Flashcards in Key Terms Chapter 16 Deck (12):
Identification of a mental disorder in which the disorder is labelled; this is prone to lead to stereotyping.
Identification of a mental disorder in which the disorder is described (especially in terms of severity); this is considered to reduce labelling and stereotyping.
A condition with a known cause, predictable course and standard protocols for treatment.
A set of symptoms that interfere with daily functioning. Symptoms are reasonably consistent among patients but origins/causes may differ.
What is the DSM?
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Is a handbook used by clinicians and researchers to identify and classify symptoms of mental disorders.
What is the GAF?
Global Assessment of Functioning: a subjective assessment by the psychologist of a patient's level of functioning (expressed as a score out of 100, where 50 is 'normal').
What is the ICD?
The International Classification of Diseases.
Has become the international tool for diagnosing most health problems, including both physical and mental illnesses.
The system employed in the DSM-IV-TR of diagnosing conditions according to give axes:
1. Major psychological disorder
2. Mental retardation and personality disorder
3. General medical conditions
4. Psychosocial and environmental problems
5. GAF - Global Assessment of Functioning
A disorder in which a person experiences dysfunctional thinking but realizes that the thinking is not rational.
A disorder in which a person experiences dysfunctional thinking and does not realise that the thinking is not rational - the person has lost touch with reality.
Explain Rosenhan's study.
- Eight psychologically 'normal' people visited different psychiatric hospitals.
- All were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
- Rosenhan's tells hospitals he would send 'fake' patients.
- Of 193 patients, 41 were suspected of being fake by staff.
- In actual fact all were genuine patients.