Chapter 9 - Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Antibiotics Deck (24):
1

What gram stain is associated with respiratory and soft tissue infections

Gram positive

2

Oust the three ways antibiotics are made

Genetic engineering
Synthetic
Living microorganisms (mold - amoxicillin)

3

What gram stain is associated with gu and gi infections

Gram negative

4

What do Aminoglycosides treat (gram stain)

Gram negative
Aerobic bacilli

5

What comes ophthalmic, typical, iv, intracethal, liposomes injections

Gentamicin

6

Which is the short term use Aminoglycoside that is Im and iv use

Amikacin

7

What type of Aminoglycoside don't you use for long than 7 days

Kanamycin

8

Which Aminoglycoside is toxic to the eighth cranial nerve

Streptomycin

9

Is Aminoglycoside a black box warning

True

10

P prototype of Aminoglycoside

Gentamicin

11

Classification and action of gentamicin

Aminoglycoside
Inhibits protein synthesis gram negative causes cell death

12

Carbapenums are what type of spectrum

Broad
Gram negative

13

Classification and action of ertapenum

Carbapenem
Inhibit protein synthesis
Gram negative

14

What is the route of ertapenum and do age frequency

IM, IV
5-14 days

15

Which generation is cefaclor
Gram positive or negative?

Second
Positive

16

Function of cephalosporins

Inhibit bacterial synthesis

17

Route of cephalosporins

Oral

18

Type of class of fluoroquinolones
Spectrum type

Synthetic
Broad

19

How does fluoroquinolones enter the cell

Passive diffusion

20

What drug is contraindicated with an all by to penicillin

Cephalosporins

21

Fluoroquinolones positive or negative

Negative, E. coli group d strep

22

What drug is used for prevention anthrax

Ciproflaxin

23

Forms of cipro

Injectable, oral, topical

24

Forms of Levaquin

Iv oral