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Flashcards in Chapter 9 PPT Deck (32):
1

Airmass

A large body of air with relatively uniform thermal and moisture characteristics

2

What are two different different types of airmass characteristics?

-Moisture Characteristics
-Thermal Characteristics

3

What are the two Moisture characteristics? of air masses?

- Maritime
-Continental

4

What are the moisture characteristics of Maritime?

- Moist
-Forms Over Water

5

What are the moisture characteristics of Continental?

-Dry
-Forms Over Land

6

What are the three Thermal Characteristics of air masses?

-Arctic
-Polar
-Tropical

7

What are the thermal characteristics of Arctic?

-Very Cold

8

What are the thermal characteristics of Polar?

-Cool to cold

9

What are the thermal characteristics of Tropical?

-Warm to Hot

10

What type of locations are air masses typically at?

Flat locations with constant pressure of moisture conditions, mainly the flat lans.

11

What type of air masses create High sea level pressure?

Relatively cold air masses
-Bitter Cold
-Cool Maritime

12

What type of air masses create Low sea level pressure?

Relatively warm air masses?
-Hot air masses
-Maritime Air masses in the winter

13

What are Fronts?

A boundary between different air masses

14

Why do we care about fronts?

they create weather, resulting in the formation of clouds and precipitation

15

Cold Fronts?

A front that separates warm and cold air masses, and the cold are is advancing and lifting the warm air.

16

Arctic Front

A cold front that marks the leading edge of an advancing arctic air masses (Really Cold)

17

Warm Front

A front that separates warm and cold air masses, with the cold air retreating and the warm air advancing.

18

For cold fronts, is it conditionally unstable in front or behind the front?

Infront of front

19

For warm fronts, is it conditionally unstable in front or behind the front.

Behind the front

20

Stationary Front

A boundary that separates cold and warm air masses, where neither air masses is advancing nor retreating.

21

Out of a warm front, cold front, and stationary front, which one would most likely be associated with a flood?

Stationary Front

22

Occluded Front

A boundary between cold and colder air masses with warm air aloft

23

Does a cold occlusion Front have coldest air, in front or behind it?

Coldest air behind

24

Does a warm occlusion front have coldest air, in front or behind?

Coldest air ahead

25

Dry line

A front characterized by sharp moisture differences rather than sharp temperature differences

26

Ahead of a dry line, is the weather warm and humid?

Yes

27

Upper level front

An airmass boundary that is present aloft but not at the surface

28

The centers of cold air masses are often associated with low pressure on surface weather maps. (T/F)

FALSE

29

By definition, an airmass must make contact with the surface. (F/T)

FALSE

30

The presence and intensity of precipitation along a cold front is determined by the characteristics of the warm air ahead of the front. (T/F)

TRUE

31

Clouds that develop along warm fronts typically are layered in nature and any precipitation tends to be more widespread and steady than precip formed by cold fronts. (T/F)

TRUE

32

Flooding can be a significant hazard associated with stationary fronts

TRUE