Chapter Seven reverse Flashcards Preview

LAW VOCAB > Chapter Seven reverse > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter Seven reverse Deck (44):
1

(defendant);in criminal court, the person charged with committing a criminal offence

accused

2

an applications to a higher court to review the decision made by the lower court

appeal

3

the party that files an appeal

appellant

4

the first stage of a criminal trial in which the court clerk reads the charge and the defendant enters a plea

arraignment

5

a standard of proof where the defendants guilt must be proven to the extent that a reasonable person would have no choice but to conclude that the defendant did indeed commit the offence

beyond a reasonable doubt

6

the crowns obligation to prove the guilt of the accused beyond reasonable doubt

burden of proof

7

the right of the crown or defence to exclude someone from a jury for a particular reason

challenge for a cause

8

evidence used to establish the likelihood that the defendant is the type of person who either would or wouldn't commit a certain offence

charter evidence

9

the judges explanation to the jurors of how the law applies to the cue before them

charge to the jury

10

indirect evidence - leads to a reasonable inference of the defendants guilt

circumstantial evidence

11

the court official who assists the judge

court clerk

12

a court with the authority to review decisions made by lower courts

court of appeal

13

the second questioning of a witness to test the accuracy of the accuracy of the testimony; performed by the opposing attorney

cross examination

14

(prosecutor); the lawyer representing the government, responsible for instituting legal proceedings against the accused

crown attorney

15

the lawyer who defends an accused person on trial

defence council

16

testimony given by a witness to prove an alleged fact

direct evidence

17

the first questioning of a witness to determine what he/she saw/noticed about the crime

direct examination

18

a decision by the judge to withdraw the case from the jury and enter a verdict of to guilty

direct verdict

19

a lawyer on duty in a courtroom or police station to give free legal advice to persons just arrested or brought before court

duty council

20

information that tends to prove or dip rove the elements of an offence

evidence

21

a court that hears cases involving the federal government; has a trial and an appeal division

federal court of canada

22

evidence given by the a witness based on information received from someone else anther than personal knowledge

hearsay evidence

23

a jury that can't reach a unanimous verdict and in consequently dismissed from the case

hung jury

24

the court official appointed to try cases in a court of law and to sentence convicted persons

judge

25

in a criminal case, a group of 12 people who decide whether the accused is guilty or not

jury

26

the large group od randomly selected citizens from which jury members are chosen

jury panel

27

a court official who has less authority than a judge but can issue warrants and preform judicial functions

justice of the peace

28

permission to appeal a case from a lower court to a higher court

leave

29

a request by defence counsel that the judge dismiss the charges against the defendant

motion for dismissal

30

the right of the crown or defence to exclude someone from a jury without providing reasoning

peremptory challenge

31

knowingly making false statements in court while giving evidence under oath

perjury

32

a judicial inquiry to determine whether there is sufficient evidence to put the accused person on trial

preliminary hearing

33

the lowest level of hierarchy of canadian courts

provincial court

34

to contradict evidence introduced by the opposing side

rebut

35

the party that responds to the appeal

respondent

36

the court official responsible for jury management

sheriff

37

a court order requiring the witness to appear in court on a certain date to give evidence

subpoena

38

the highest criminal and civil court, consisting of a trial division and an appeal division

superior court of the province

39

the highest appeals court in canada, also deals with constitutional questions referred to by the federal government

superior court of canada

40

to reply to the opposing sides rebuttal

surrebutal

41

a mini-trial in which jurors are excluded while admissibility of evidence is discussed

voir dire

42

the interception of telephone communication

wiretapping

43

persons who give evidence while under oath in court

witness

44

criminal offences

summary conviction offences; provincial, criminal division
indictable offences;
553; provincial, criminal division
554; provincial or/ superior court with judge or/ superior court with judge and jury
469; superior court with judge and jury