Flashcards in Chapter Three Deck (20):
require the approval of parliament, plus 2/3 of the provinces representing 50% of the population
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
sets constitutionally protected rights and freedoms. A law that violates these rights and freedoms can be struck down.
Basic individual rights protected by law, such as freedom of speech. (was feared the constitution needed to come 'home' b/c it did not protect these)
the administrative branch of government responsible for carrying out governments plans and policies. Federal level: Prime Minister, Cabinet, and Public/Civil Service. Provincial: Premier, MLA (Member of the Legislative Assembly)/MPP (Member of the Provincial Parliament)
A two-level system of governing (Canada, geographic size)
Government or Public Bill
Bill introduced by a cabinet minister.
Within the power of the government to pass laws.
Beyond the power of government to pass laws.
The branch of government responsible for presiding over Canada's court system. Made up of judges who adjudicate disputes, interpret the law, and decide on punishments.
The branch of government that has the power to make change and repeal laws, also known as parliament. Federal: House of Commons and Senate. Provincial: Legislature/Legislative Assembly.
people who try to influence legislators in favour of their cases (MAAD)
to bring legislative power under the authority of the country to which it applies. 'To bring home'
Principle of Equalization
Section 36 of the constitution Act 1982, which provides for equal access to essential services for all Canadians. (health care, education, ect.) Payed through taxes, richer provinces equalize services for all canadians.
Private Members Bill
Bill initiated by citizens, lobby groups, or corporations, always introduces by MP
Federal responsibility to make laws in legislative areas not assigned to the provinces.
Shared Cost Agreements
arrangements between two levels of government to share the costs for programs in areas not identified in the BNA. Example: Health care, feral would give money to provinces so long as the provinces agreed to spend the money accordingly to federally established guidelines.
Statute of Westminster
Legislation passed in Britain that extended Canada's law-making powers. Could make own laws independently, make trade agreements with other countries without Britain's approval. Could still not amend it's own constitution.
A one-level system of governing (great Britain)