Chapter Three Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Three Deck (20):
1

Amending Formula

require the approval of parliament, plus 2/3 of the provinces representing 50% of the population

2

Bill

Proposed legislation.

3

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

sets constitutionally protected rights and freedoms. A law that violates these rights and freedoms can be struck down.

4

Civil Liberties

Basic individual rights protected by law, such as freedom of speech. (was feared the constitution needed to come 'home' b/c it did not protect these)

5

Executive Branch

the administrative branch of government responsible for carrying out governments plans and policies. Federal level: Prime Minister, Cabinet, and Public/Civil Service. Provincial: Premier, MLA (Member of the Legislative Assembly)/MPP (Member of the Provincial Parliament)

6

Federal System

A two-level system of governing (Canada, geographic size)

7

Government or Public Bill

Bill introduced by a cabinet minister.

8

Intra Vires

Within the power of the government to pass laws.

9

Ultra Vires

Beyond the power of government to pass laws.

10

Judiciary

The branch of government responsible for presiding over Canada's court system. Made up of judges who adjudicate disputes, interpret the law, and decide on punishments.

11

Legislative Branch

The branch of government that has the power to make change and repeal laws, also known as parliament. Federal: House of Commons and Senate. Provincial: Legislature/Legislative Assembly.

12

Lobby Groups

people who try to influence legislators in favour of their cases (MAAD)

13

Patriate

to bring legislative power under the authority of the country to which it applies. 'To bring home'

14

Principle of Equalization

Section 36 of the constitution Act 1982, which provides for equal access to essential services for all Canadians. (health care, education, ect.) Payed through taxes, richer provinces equalize services for all canadians.

15

Private Members Bill

Bill initiated by citizens, lobby groups, or corporations, always introduces by MP

16

Residual Powers

Federal responsibility to make laws in legislative areas not assigned to the provinces.

17

Shared Cost Agreements

arrangements between two levels of government to share the costs for programs in areas not identified in the BNA. Example: Health care, feral would give money to provinces so long as the provinces agreed to spend the money accordingly to federally established guidelines.

18

Statute of Westminster

Legislation passed in Britain that extended Canada's law-making powers. Could make own laws independently, make trade agreements with other countries without Britain's approval. Could still not amend it's own constitution.

19

Unitary System

A one-level system of governing (great Britain)

20

constitution act

1. Principle of Equalization of Services across Canada
2. Interpretation of responsibility for natural resources
3. Formula to make future constitutional changes
4. Charter of Rights and Freedoms